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ECON 2K03 (28)

Econ 2k03 9.docx

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Hannah Holmes

Confederation and the National Policy Years - customs union (free trade area with common external tariff) in canadas (quebec and Ontario) - tariff was not the same across the other colonies - ns and nb were pro free trade - Canadas and pei wanted to see tariffs in manufacturing - The maritime didn’t like high tariff structure because they had a strong trade link with the north and south of them… aka the us - The maritimes thought about having their own union - Ns and nb wanted a railway link to the us - Everyone was deep in debt already because of canals and railways - Britain lost interest in Canada - Colonies in Canada wanted to make sure they got to west before the americans - Newfoundland had no interest in any confederation o No interest bc irish roman catholics hated the idea bc it felt like british protestant idea o Merchants opposed bc if higher tariffs worse for their economy o They felt confederation would focus on central Canada and leave them out - PEI had many of the same fears as newfoundland - Easier to develop west if everyone was on board was there idea - Railway would then have to be built to develop the west - And a railway was promised to the maritimes if they joined confederation - Any colony joining the confederation all debt would be cleared and the federal gov would bare the debt - New confederated state would have more control over immigration policies to increase people in the west - Debate over what to call it. - July 1, 1867 Ontario, Quebec, NB and NS become Canada… dominion of canada - Sir John a Macdonald first PM - BNA act was first constitution o Two orders of gov… federal and provincial o Powers laid out in 91 & 92 of act o 91: federal powers: trade commerce, any type of taxation, postal services, census, defence, navigation and shipping, fisheries, currency, banking, patents, criminal code 29 things listed in total… o 92: provincial powers: property, civil rights, direct taxation, hospitals, municipalities, (education is section 93)… section 95(agri, immigration), 132(power over international treaties to federal) - Economic regulations shaped by British precedent and Central Canada influence - New tariff structure…
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