Initially engaged in piracy against Arab shipping in the Mediterranean, and raided North
American ports. They would raid and attack Muslim ports in Africa.
Evolved into a trader, connecting Italy and Palestine and Syria
Supported Paleogus in the capture of Constantinople
-The Paleologus dynasty would hold it until the Turks
The Genoa was the first Mediterranean power to establish routes to England and Flanders
-Exchange of Eastern goods for cloth and raw and wool (produced in Italy)
-Would lead to the end of the Champagne fairs
Their wealth was 7 x the wealth of the French Monarch
The wealth of Venice and Genoa, along with that of Pisa and Florence, would later fund the
Renaissance (they would have become wealthy by trade
Islamic and Christian merchants routinely dealt with each other. Christians often worked as
clerks for Arab merchants
- Hindu/Arabic numerals and place value arithmetic reach Europe through this channel
- Europeans exposed to elementary account keeping, which the Italians later develop into
double entry bookkeeping (appearing ca. 1300)
- Knowledge of sugar also reached Europe through the Arabs. The Arabs used slaves in its
cultivation, a practice copied by the West. Europe didn’t know what sugar was, they only
knew what honey was.
Nothing assicoiated with India really stood out.
The Islamic world was connected to India and Ceylon through the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
India’s main export was black pepper, cotton textiles,