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English 2H06 Lecture November 15th.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENGLISH 2H06
Professor
Joseph Adamson
Semester
Fall

Description
English 2H06 Lecture November 15 (Thoreau intro) Resistance to Civil Government  Ongoing metaphor throughout the essay: the machine image o Resistance you get in a machine, you have to find a way of reducing friction o Says friction in a machine is unavoidable o Machine metaphor was used by many writers for society in which human beings are the cogs or parts. Negative image usually about how it has flaws. Relates to industrial age. o Wanted a counter-resistance. o Used the metaphor to talk about marines and how government turns people into killing machines. o Friction means any society is going to have evils, people aren’t perfect. o “if the injustice is part of the necessary friction of the machine of government, let it go…”  If youre forced to harm another then break the law  Culminating moment of the metaphor o “I am not the son of the engineer.” And prior “Your money or your life”  The government is a fearful institution, but in reality it’s pathetic.  I was not directly involved in creating this machinery, I’m not responsible I was born into it. o “the government does not have the force of one single living person”  It’s not alive, it opposes something natural that grows, it opposes a single human being  The machine metaphor is an organic metaphor  “if a plant cannot live according to nature, it dies; and so a man.”  For him, it is vital for a human being living in society to realize themselves and not become disintegrated and suffer a metaphorical death.  Original title “on the duty of civil disobedience. o Thoreau uses paradoxes all the time  “the only obligation which I have a right to assume is what I think is right… corporation does not have a conscience but individuals do  Voting is like gambling  The onus is on every individual to stand against the state  The dehumanization of training marines, taking away a key part of their humanity  Here confronts William palor/palin idk o The duty of civil disobedience is above your duty to obey the state, you have a higher duty to nature. o Mentions Daniel Webster who always tried to preserve the constitution  Men like this are incapable of standing outside the institution o For him the most important
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