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The Wizard of Oz

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McMaster University
Douglas Bruce

The Wizard of Oz Massacre of Minneconjou Sious Indians at Wounded Knee Creek in Southwestern South Dakota. Dec, th 28 , 1890 - Frank Baum in Saturday Pioneer - Sitting Bull, most renowned Sioux of modern history is dead - He was not a Chief, but without Kingly lineage he arose from a lowly position to the greatest Medicine Man of his time, by virtue of his shrewdness and daring - He was an Indian with a white man’s spirit of hatred and revenge for those who had wronged him and his Saturday Pioneer 1890 - The proud spirit of the original owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and bloody wars for their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting Bull - With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and what few are left as a pac of whining curs who lick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by justice of civilization, as masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why not annihilation? - The glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; better that they die than live the miserable wretches that they are. History would forge these latter despicable beings, and speak in later ages of the glory of these grand Kings of forest and plain that Cooper loved to heroism - We cannot honestly regret their extermination, but we at least do justice to the manly characteristics possessed, according to their lights and education by the early Redskins of America The Wizard of Oz (1900) - Mother Goose 1897 - Father Goose 1899 - Wizard of Oz Film 1930 1. Kansas: Realism – Frame: There’s No Place like HOME - Kansas, Midwest, prairies, farmland, poor, “dull and grey” - Aunt Em(ily) used to be young and pretty... now, years later... (pg. 12) o Dorothy is a contrast from this unhappy life style, always laughing and smiling o Aunt Em and Uncle Henry do not laugh - Is her journey to Oz an escape from real life? In the land of the munchkins, everything is painted blue; red with quadlings, yellow in the land of the winkies, and green in the Emerald City – colours of the rainbow, “Somewhere over the rainbow” o Journey seen as a therapeutic function American Dream - US Declaration of Independence (1776): all men are equal, no matter where you are from and you have rights that secure your freedom, happiness, your life - Statue of Liberty (1886) o Icon, symbol of American Dream for immigrants. Emma Lazarus: poem, “The New Colossus”: “Give me your tired, your poor/ Your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free” - Achieve prosperity through hard work - Willy Loman, in Death of a Salesman, believes in it, Arthur Miller (1949) and dies Wizard: New Children’s Literature - Baum himself in the introduction - “... the time has come for a series of newer “wonder tales” in which the stereotypes genie, dwarf, and fairy are eliminated, together with all the blood-curdling incidents devised by their authours to point a fearsome moral to each tale. Modern education includes morality; therefore the modern child seeks only entertainment in its wonder tales...” o Author is trying to set himself apart from all types of fairytales o Modernized: wonder and joys are left in and violence and anger are gone - “It aspires to
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