Tuesday, October 29, 2013
Geography - Society and Culture
• why is studying cities important?
• 50% of people live in cities
• Globally, urban population need exceeded rural population in 2008
80% of people live in cities in Canada, 20% are rural
• Consider food
• Rural=food production
• People in urban cities are relying on other people to provide food
• significant shift
• What is a city?
• Cities have lots of people in small area
• manufacturing, forestry, farming
high-rise buildings, grid layout of streets
• public transit
• Is there something truly different between ac city and a nucleated village?
• Large population compared to that of a village
• technological change
• i.e ‘’age of innovation?
• economic activity and political influence
places of higher level education
• Centres of culture change (diversity of cultures *heterogeneity)
• In general terms of a city?
1 Tuesday, October 29, 2013
• City: relatively permanent and highly organized centre of population, of greater
size or importance than a town or city
• Region of first cities - Mesopotamia
• Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
• Approx. 3500 BC - city of Ur
• cultural transformation
• ‘first city’
• 25000 people
• Turkey, Egypt, India-Pakistan, China, and later Europe and Central America
• The origin of cities is relatively recent in comparison to the age of human species
• What contributed to the emergence of cities?
• The Agricultural Surplus Theory:
• Nomadic hunter and gatherer societie