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Lecture

# Week 1 (Sept 12 - 14).docx

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School
Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 1HB3
Professor
Walter Peace
Semester
Winter

Description
Concepts in Human Geography - Part 1 Read pg. 12-28 Interested in spatial variation Space: areal extent (12-14)  Absolute Space: areal extent which is objectively and physically real with measureable extent and definable boundaries ex. Classroom, Mac campus, city of Hamilton  Relative Space: areal extent which is perceptual and variable (not permanent) over time; space as socially constructed ex. Changes to geographic space/are I which you love your life as you go through stages of your lifecycle, as you get older your relative space gets bigger Location: where something is (14-16)  Absolute Location: a precise point of on earth surface ex. Latitude and longitude (unique point on earth)  Relative Location: the position of something in relation to the position of something else ex. Hamilton is 40 miles west of Toronto, North of Australia (many ways to describe relative location, minutes, hours, miles)  Site: the physical and cultural attributes of a place ex. The site of Hamilton (harbour, escarpment)  Situation: the external relations of a place/locale, providing insight into the importance of a place ex. Hamilton’s location in the Canadian manufacturing core; Steel City Direction  Absolute Direction: based on the four cardinal points – derived from the obvious givens of nature (sun rise in the east, sets in the west, location of stars is north and south)  Relative Direction: relational directions of culturally based directional references ex. Im going “im north”, well im going “out east” or “down east” Distance: spatial separation (joins previous concepts f location and direction)  Absolute Distance: spatial separation of two points as measured by a standard unit of measurement ex. Point A is 500 m from point B  Relative Distance: spatial separation as measured in terms of cost, time, etc. ex. Point A is 10 minutes from point B; I live 5 blocks from campus Size and Scale  Scale: the level of resolution of human geographic research, usually in reference to the size of the area being studied, might also refer to the time period being covered or the number of people being investigated  Spatial Scale: small are (local scale), mid sized area (regional scale), entire world scale (global scale) [note: small scale means a large area] Physical and Cultural Attributes of Space  Natural Landscape: the physical characteristics (climate, soils, landforms etc) of a place of region, the physical setting or context within which human activity takes place; thee conditions help shape - but do not dictate - how people live  Cultural Landscape: evidence of human activity in a place or region, the human imprint on the natural landscape MAP: of Hamilton, north is drawn on the west side of the page, 1842, pop: 4,000 Concepts in Human Geography – Sept 14 Interrelations between places  Spatial interaction: the movement of people, goods, information etc. between different places/locations o Accessibility - the ease/difficulty encountered when moving though geographic space (how easy is it to overcome the “friction of
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