Population Geography III: Population Migration
Population migration is the spatial movement of population, from one place to another.
• P = P + (Births-Deaths) + (Immigration –Emigration )
• Immigration is the movement into a country/region; emigration is the movement out of
• Movement in terms of international, inter-regional, and local.
Migration consists of cultural, political, and economic characteristics of migrants, number of
migrants, distance moved, political boundaries that are being crossed, causes of migration, and
time spent in new location.
• Migration is a form of population redistribution. (overpopulated to underpopulated)
• Many core countries depend on immigration to sustain population and economic growth.
(250000 immigrants come to Canada each year)
Net Immigration (Immigration – Emigration)
• Destination countries: immigrants outweigh the emigrants,( low natural population
growth, high economic growth and social development)
• Source countries: emigrants outweigh the immigrants, (high natural population growth,
low economic growth and social development)
Push-Pull Factors affect migration.
• Push: being in an undesirable place (local economic crisis, cultural or political
oppression, environmental or political crisis)
• Pull: aware of a more desirable place (economic opportunities, family reunifica