Key Concepts in Human Geography 1
Space is the areal extent, amount of the Earth’s surface that it covers.
• Absolute space is the objective, physically real, with measurable extent and definable
boundaries (map making). Example: mathematical projections
• Relative space is subjective, perceptual and variable over time. Examples: topological
maps (sketches), the estimation of space of scale and distance.
Location refers to a particular position in space.
• Absolute (mathematical) location: relatively unchanging. Example: longitude and
• Relative (perceived) location: subject to change and interpretation. Example: Hamilton
is close to Toronto: subjected to perspective and scenario.
• Nominal (toponym) location: a place name. Example: a location of significance
Places are attachments, meanings, and/or particular significance. Examples: home, restaurants
• Location + meaning = place
• Sense of place has an emotional attachment to the certain place, a vibe that causes
emotions. Examples: Places that we have not visited: pyramids of Gaza: hot, in awe,
traditional, Disneyworld: happy, cartoon-like
• Sense of place and uniqueness: travelling to experience the sense of place by being
part of the community
• Sacred places tend to associate themselves with religious places that emanate a strong
feeling and/or emotion that are extremely set apart.