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GEOG 1HB3 (258)

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Walter Peace

Class 2 Language of Geography: • Absolute space: areal extent which is objectively and physically real with measurable extent and definable boundaries, e.g, this class room (p.14) • Relative space: areal extent which is perceptual and variable (not permanent) over time; space as socially constructed, e.g, changes to geographic space/area in which you live your life as you go through stages of your lifecycle (subjective perception of space for each individual) • Location: a precise point on the earth's surface, e.g, the absolute location of Hamilton is … a unique point on earth • Relative location: the position of something in relation to the position of something else, e.g, Hamilton is 40 miles west of Toronto (there are many ways to describe the relative location of something) • Site: the physical and cultural attributes of a place, e.g, the site of Hamilton (harbour, escarpment) • Situation: the external relations of a place/locale, providing insight into the importance of a place, e.g, Hamilton's location in the Canadian manufacturing core; "The Birmingham of Canada"; Steel City • Absolute direction: based on the four cardinal points; derived from the obvious 'givens' of nature: the rising of the sun (east) and the setting of the sun (west) and the sky location of certain fixed stars (north and south) • Relative direction: relational directions or culturally-based directional references, e.g, in Canada, we go "down East", "out West", "up North", "down South" (these relative directional references are also relative to location) • Distance: spatial separation (joins previous concepts of location and direction) • Absolute Distance: spatial separation of two points as measured by an accepted standard unit of measurement, e.g, point A is 500 m from point B • Relative distance: spatial separation as measured in terms of cost, time, etc. E.g, point A is 10 minutes from point B. "I live 5 blocks from campus". • Scale: the level of resolution of human geographic research, usually in reference to the size of the area being studied (but might also refer to the time period being covered or the n
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