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Lecture 9

Lecture 9- January 24th.docx

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McMaster University
Maureen Padden

Earths AtmosphereFirst Nations The federal govt is directly responsible for everything that happens on a reserve whicheverprovince it is in The environmental management that happens on reserves is federal govt responsibilityoThe same issue may be governed by the province this is where the problem stemsRoyal Proclamation 1763 The first problem is we are dealing with problems in 2012 but we are referring back to theRoyal Proclamation in 1763 oImportant features1 identified aboriginal title means not so much of owning land as being ableto using itFirst Nation hold through use and occupancy2 Only nations sign treaties not provincesif you wanted to take land from the First Nations only the BritishCrown could acquire lands from First Nations not the provinces and only by treaty3 There were specific treaties that worked out Early Treaties 1850oOften treaties were a negotiation oExchanged for annual cash payments or reserve of land andlump sum First Nations surrendered their lands meaning they dont own them anymore but they retained right to fish and hunt over all unoccupied Crown landsoThis is tricky because all aboriginal groups didnt consider landowned which becomes a problem because if you dont own something you cant sell it and its impossible for you to imagine that somebody else owns itThe federal govt views this as a legal documentoTreaties terminated aboriginal title to the landFirst nations view varies with the groupoStill debatedoSome groups argue that property was and is a foreign conceptSome groups claim that without a representational govt how do you knowwho signed and who had authority to speak for the people The provincial govt handles drinking water all across Ontario except the FirstNations Land which is under the federal governments responsibility but the federal govt doesnt have a department to handle drinking water in OntarioAtmospheric changesoAcid rainoOzone depletion oSmogoClimate changesoEvery nation on the planet and landmasses that have no nationhood like Antarcticaare effected by the atmosphere
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