GEOG 2OC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Love Canal, Expo 67

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2OC3
Week 9
Canadian: A Land of Many Regions
Why divide Canada into regions?
1) Practical: policymaking, problem-solving
2) Pedagogical: teaching perspective, break it down
Geographers Challege
o distinguishing adjacent regions, and logically dividing overall regions
Regional Schemes
Political Regions vs. Delineated Regions (combine economic/cultural similarities)
Early Maps
British North Aerica 1
Today’s Caada Map est. 1 (except Nunavut)
1999 = Nunavut
No other changes to Canada since 1999.
Niagara Falls
sese of place: identity/attachment and sense of belonging associated with a cultural
landscape
Cultural Landscape:
o McGreevy:
Canadian side = vibrant, well-manicured
American Side = messy, tasteless
By earth 20th century, Canada was developing Niagara Falls as a tourist
attraction, while the Americans were focused on the Love Canal
catastrophe.
o Love Canal: over 20,000 tons of toxic waste buried beneath a community
Mid 1970s: toxicity of area noticed by residents
Why did these two landscapes contrast?
o Canada: important spot for War of 1812 + industrialization (hydroelectric power)
more spetaular falls
o American: less government-owned land (mostly private)
Cultural Significance for Canadians: regional landscapes in different countries have VASTLY
different meanings
o Canadians = ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDS
o Americans = MANIFEST DESTINY
Tourism: Americans welcomed one time tourist attraction Nick Wallenda (tight-roped
across Falls)
Overall, contrasting significances => Canada = alternative to America
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Document Summary

Why divide canada into regions: practical: policymaking, problem-solving, pedagogical: teaching perspective, break it down. (cid:862)geographer(cid:859)s challe(cid:374)ge(cid:863: distinguishing adjacent regions, and logically dividing overall regions. Political regions vs. delineated regions (combine economic/cultural similarities) No other changes to canada since 1999. (cid:862)se(cid:374)se of place(cid:863): identity/attachment and sense of belonging associated with a cultural landscape. Why did these two landscapes contrast: canada: important spot for war of 1812 + industrialization (hydroelectric power, (cid:862)more spe(cid:272)ta(cid:272)ular(cid:863) falls, american: less government-owned land (mostly private) Cultural significance for canadians: regional landscapes in different countries have vastly different meanings: canadians = environmental stewards, americans = manifest destiny. Tourism: americans welcomed one time tourist attraction nick wallenda (tight-roped across falls) Overall, contrasting significances => canada = alternative to america. 1917: canadians play a huge role @ vimy ridge, france. Ontario: (cid:862)ha(cid:448)e (cid:374)ot(cid:863) status, de(cid:272)li(cid:374)e of auto se(cid:272)tor. British columbia: continues to export resources to us & pacific rim. Decline of manufacturing sector in the industrial heartland.

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