GEOG 2OC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Central Canada, Carboniferous, Taconic Mountains

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2OC3
Week 5
The Search for Truth in Social Sciences
Canadian Regions
Caada’s  Politial Geographi Regios:
Caada’s Heartlad-Hinterland Geographic Regions:
There are o orret ays to diide a outry’s regios. Hua & Physial Geographies
both play a role.
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Document Summary

There are (cid:374)o (cid:272)orre(cid:272)t (cid:449)ays to di(cid:448)ide a (cid:272)ou(cid:374)try"s regio(cid:374)s. hu(cid:373)a(cid:374) & physi(cid:272)al geographies both play a role. Provinces: pei, new brunswick, nova scotia & nfl. Proximity to the sea = deeply rooted in region. Consider: collapse of cod fisheries, rising sea levels due to climate change. Defining social & demographic characteristics: (cid:1005)(cid:895) (cid:1011)% (cid:894)(cid:1006). (cid:1007) (cid:373)illio(cid:374)(cid:895) of ca(cid:374)ada"s populatio(cid:374, (cid:1006)(cid:895) (cid:1009). (cid:1009)% of ca(cid:374)ada"s area, (cid:1007)(cid:895) (cid:1010). (cid:1005)% of ca(cid:374)ada"s gdp, 4) 10% unemployment rate in atlantic canada. Employment sectors: primary: decreasing since cod fisheries collapse (1980s, e(cid:272)o(cid:374)dary: (cid:862)u(cid:374)derde(cid:448)eloped(cid:863, tertiary: largest due to high # of ca(cid:374)ada"s ar(cid:373)ed for(cid:272)es perso(cid:374)(cid:374)el statio(cid:374)ed i(cid:374) this region. Factors: technological changes (highly efficient boats, socioeconomic factors (economy/culture of fisheries, ecological uncertainties (unknown tipping points, 1992: cod numbers reached ~1% of original level, government of canada placed a moratorium on cod fishing in canadian waters. Primary economic sectors include fishing, mineral/petroleum exploration & forestry.

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