GEOG 2OC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Boreal Forest Of Canada, Elliot Lake, Temagami

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2OC3
Week 8
Canadian Regional Geography Part 4: The Near North
The Near North (also called, Laurentian Highlands/Uplands)
Provinces:
40% of Caadas area
8% of Caadas populatio
.% of Caadas GD
Basic Statistics
Coincides with boreal forest & Canadian Shield
Resource-based economy
Nordicity = identity
Stereotypical Perceptions of the West: prototypical Canadian landscape
o Granitic Precambrian rock (~4 billion years old) with low relief
o Abundance of lakes, rock, boreal forest and muskeg bogs
Physical Environment: resulted in concentration of population along southernmost edge of
the region
Urbanization
Based on resource towns & megaprojects
Settlement trends = linear (reflect historic influence of railways in the region)
Central Metropolitan Areas
o Thunder Bay
o Sudbury
o Chicoutimi-Jonquiere
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2OC3
Week 8
Physical Landscape
Vast physical resource base including valuable resources like: forest products, minerals
and hydroelectric power potential
o Impacted by accessibility of resources
Impacts of human activity on environment
Native land claims = tension + debates
Proposed Economic Diversification Ideas:
o Retirement community (Elliot Lake)
o Abandoned mines for waste disposal (Timmins)
o Eco-tourism (Temagami)
Native Reserves
o Much of population is made up of reserves
Negative Externalities:
o Externality = an unpriced, unintended consequence of actions
Social costs/benefits
Classic example = pollution, traffic, etc.
o Environmental Movement (1960s) brought these to attention
The Grassy Narrows Indian Reserve
o Dryden Pulp & Paper, Dryden Chemical and later Reed International were location
in the town of Dryden
o 1962-1970: roughly 9000 kg of mercury was discharged into the river
o , kg et uaouted for
o Highly toxic to humans
o Maiu safe leel =  pp
o Bioaccumulation of mercury = Minamata disease
o 1970: elevated levels were recorded MERCURY BAN
o 1985: $16m settlement
o 2012: levels are decreasing, but symptoms are still noted even in persons born after the
mercury ban
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Document Summary

Canadian regional geography part 4: the near north. Coincides with boreal forest & canadian shield. Stereotypical perceptions of the west: prototypical canadian landscape: granitic precambrian rock (~4 billion years old) with low relief, abundance of lakes, rock, boreal forest and muskeg bogs. Physical environment: resulted in concentration of population along southernmost edge of the region. Settlement trends = linear (reflect historic influence of railways in the region) Central metropolitan areas: thunder bay, sudbury, chicoutimi-jonquiere. Vast physical resource base including valuable resources like: forest products, minerals and hydroelectric power potential. Native land claims = tension + debates. Proposed economic diversification ideas: retirement community (elliot lake, abandoned mines for waste disposal (timmins, eco-tourism (temagami) Native reserves: much of population is made up of reserves. Negative externalities: externality = an unpriced, unintended consequence of actions, social costs/benefits, classic example = pollution, traffic, etc, environmental movement (1960s) brought these to attention.

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