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Lecture

The Carolinian Forest


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 2RC3
Professor
Walter Peace

Page:
of 2
The Carolinian Forest
September 19, 2011
10:32 AM
1. Within the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence climate zone
2. "Canada's Deep South"; "Canada's banana belt"
What?
3. Ecosystem
4. Northern Eastern edge of the broadleaf/ deciduous/ hardwood forest region of
eastern NA
5. Named after ecosystem characteristic of the Carolinas
Where?
6. North shore of Lake Erie, Niagara Peninsula line joining Grand Bend (on Lake
Huron) with Toronto
NOTE: same latitude as N. California
Why?
7. Latitude (point Pelee - 41.9 degrees Lat. North)
8. Great Lakes moderate temperature-> warm enough to support ecosystem
typical of Carolinas
9. Warmest avg. annual temp. in Canada
10.Longest frost-free season in Canada
11.Mildest winters in Ontario
Features:
12..25% of Canada's total area, but more flora/ fauna than any other ecosystem
13.2,200 species of herbaceous plants
14.400 birds species recorded
15.Mammals inc. grey fox, opossum, southern flying squirrel
16.1/3 of the rare/ threatened/ endangered species in Canada found here (more
than any other region)
17.Indicator species: tulip tree; sycamore; chestnut; opossum (Canada's only
marsupial); red belied woodpecker; eastern hognose snake
Conservation Issues:
Species at risk
Habitat protection
Urbam/ agr. Land uses
Etc.
Carolinian Canada website
http://www.carolinian.org
Natural Heritage