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October 13, 2011
•Recent colonial history (esp. Newfoundland)
•Changing "space relations":
○19th century -> strange regional economy
○20th century -> peripheral position in national economy
-> "supply" region i.e. hinterland/ periphery region
-> Bone (ch.1 ) - downward transitional region
•Defining characteristics- orientation to the sea (Livelihood, settlement pattern,
○What happens when this disappears?
•Questions: why did Atlantic Canada not remain a "gateway" to Canada (as
compared to the Atlantic Seaboard of the U.S.)? Why did this gateway function
shift to "central" Canada?
•Geographically and political fragmentation of this region
•<2% of Canada's area (excluding Labrador)
•5.4% of Canada's area (including Labrador)
○Does Labrador "belong" to this region?
•7.2% (2.3 million) of Canada's population (2006)
•Share of Canada's GDP 6% (see table 9.1; figure 9.1)
1996 2001 2006
Halifax 332,000 359,00
St. Johns 174,
St. john 125,000 123,00
•Population density - 4.9 persons/km
•Population growth rate less than national avg. in postwar era, despite high birth
•High outmigration rate throughout post WWII era, resulting in a high
dependency ration- especially in Newfoundland
•The most rural of Canada's regions:
Nfdl. 57.7 42.3
NS 55.8 44.2
PEI 44.8 55.2
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