Document Summary

Lectures up to & including sept. 28th (ch 1-3 (p72-74), 4. The first people first world ppl were old world hunters who crossed a land bridge called. Beringia (into alaska & yukon) ~30-25,000bp the first ppl of na are called paleo-indias, who arrived ~11,000bp. Paleo-indians developed 3 hunting cultures: clovis, folsom & plano. Used fluted points to hunt mammoths & mastodons, became extinct, then hunted buffalo and caribou, fish & plants. Culture areas: geographic regions w/ 1) a common set of natural conditions that resulted in similar plants & animals, 2) inhabitants who used a common set of hunting, fishing & food-gathering techniques & tools. Algonquin s (cree, ojibwa) are descendants of the paleo-indians. Domesticated plants & animals, planted corn, beans & squash ( the 3 sisters ) Canada s population in 2009 reached 33m, ^0. 5%/year from 2001-2006 mostly in western. Reasons for growth: ppltn gained from territorial expansion, natural increase.

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