GEOG 2RC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Human Geography, Western Alienation In Canada, Clifford Sifton

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Lecture 10- 2rc3: western canada june 1st, 2011. Corporate influence: hudson bay company, canadian pacific railway. By confederation: subsistence agriculture, large scale settlement needed to prevent u. s. expansion. Three pre-requites for settlement: land survey, separate lands for aboriginals, rail link. Still, settlement below expectations due to: natural events: grasshopper plagues, economic conditions: high cost of manufactured goods (from ont. /que. ); high transportation costs; low whet prices-few people willing to risk farming under these conditions. Role of cpr: company given million + 25 million acres of land, land ownership pattern: limited possibility of irrigation-agriculture settlement prevented on some of best land- settlement still lagged behind expectations. These immigrants successfully settled in western canada due to their familiarity/experience with prairie environment, i. e. , prairies very similar to steppes of eastern europe: results: Large scale settlement of the west preventing u. s. expansion; Impact on social/cultural landscape of the west: sifton also freed land from cpr, making it available for agricultural settlement.

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