Geog 2ui3: monday september 15, 2014 lecture 2 urbanization part 2. Transition from pre- industrial (mercantile) to early industrial economy. Corporate consolidation (large popn small irms to small # of larger irms) State takes more active role in economy. Global economy: transnational corp operate at a scale beyond that of govt and labour unions, international division and labour, deindustrialization. Keynesianism simulate market conditions business and increase employment. Politically: egalitarian companies competing in local & regional markets (no rail system) liberalism. Service economy in developed countries: knowledge economy increasingly. Extended mercantile period that afected canadian city growth. Federal govt planned stronger rail in urban systems (in comparison to. Demographic change: size and composition of urban population, migration/immigration. Political change: keynesian welfare state in post-war period, recent more toward neo-liberal entrepreneurial politics. Cultural change: suburban growth driven by economies and culture, cultural diversity in cities.