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GEOG 3EE3 (18)
Lecture

Fossil Fuels.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3EE3
Professor
Maureen Padden
Semester
Winter

Description
Fossil Fuels: Oil Sands: 79 000 km of land under lease in Alberta 2 tonnes of oil sand produces one barrel of oil 2.2 – 5 barrels of river water to produce 1 barrel of oil Tailings Ponds:  Residual bitumen, naphthenic acids, phenolic compounds, ammonia, and metals 2008 Bird deaths: - 1606 deaths - Propane noise makers  to scare birds out of trailing ponds 2010 Enbridge Pipeline Leak:  19,500 barrels in Kalamazoo River, Michigan  6,100 industrial park Illinois o A warning was received in 2008 and 2009 o Took 16 hours to send employee to look for the leak Enbridge Proposed Pipeline: Northern Gateway - Increase pipeline capacity by 30% - 74 Billion cubic feet of natural gas - Concerns have shifted from oil sands productions to leaks and spills “Climategate” and Himalayan glaciers  Emails from University of East Anglia fuelled fears of conspiracy that was covering up data  Error in paper predicted that the Himalayan glaciers will be gone by 2035 should have been 2350 Canadian Glaciers: - 25% decrease fr
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