GEOG 3EE3 Lecture Notes - Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, Enbridge, Climatic Research Unit Email Controversy

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3EE3
Page:
of 2
Fossil Fuels:
Oil Sands:
79 000 km2 of land under lease in Alberta
2 tonnes of oil sand produces one barrel of oil
2.2 5 barrels of river water to produce 1 barrel of oil
Tailings Ponds:
Residual bitumen, naphthenic acids, phenolic compounds, ammonia, and metals
2008 Bird deaths:
- 1606 deaths
- Propane noise makers to scare birds out of trailing ponds
2010 Enbridge Pipeline Leak:
19,500 barrels in Kalamazoo River, Michigan
6,100 industrial park Illinois
o A warning was received in 2008 and 2009
o Took 16 hours to send employee to look for the leak
Enbridge Proposed Pipeline: Northern Gateway
- Increase pipeline capacity by 30%
- 74 Billion cubic feet of natural gas
- Concerns have shifted from oil sands productions to leaks and spills
“Climategate” and Himalayan glaciers
Emails from University of East Anglia fuelled fears of conspiracy that was covering up data
Error in paper predicted that the Himalayan glaciers will be gone by 2035 should have been
2350
Canadian Glaciers:
- 25% decrease from the 80s
- Prediction 80% decline by 2100
Geoengineering: extreme solution
Simulate volcanic eruptions to erupt sulphate particles into atmosphere it reflect solar radiation
1965 spread small reflective particles over 5 million square miles of ocen bounce 1% more
sunlight into space
Quebec, New Brunswick pipeline proposal
- Convert natural gas pipeline into crude oil line from Alberta to Sarnia and onward to Quebec
and New Brunswick
Acid Deposition:
Can be deposited in the form of rain or dry deposition
SO2 +/or NOx + H20 vapour H2SO4 or HNOx
Sulphuric acid and nitric Acid
Dealing with Pollution:
- Scrubbers on coal plants remove sulphates from emission
- Use Sulphates increasingly in drywall
Cyclone cylinder
flue gas spun around to remove particle efficient at removing small particles
Electrostatic Precipitator: good at removing small particles
Gases passed through electrically charged wires
Removes fly ash sold for metals or put in land fill

Document Summary

79 000 km2 of land under lease in alberta. 2 tonnes of oil sand produces one barrel of oil. 2. 2 5 barrels of river water to produce 1 barrel of oil. Residual bitumen, naphthenic acids, phenolic compounds, ammonia, and metals. Propane noise makers to scare birds out of trailing ponds. 6,100 industrial park illinois: a warning was received in 2008 and 2009, took 16 hours to send employee to look for the leak. Concerns have shifted from oil sands productions to leaks and spills. Emails from university of east anglia fuelled fears of conspiracy that was covering up data. Error in paper predicted that the himalayan glaciers will be gone by 2035 should have been. Simulate volcanic eruptions to erupt sulphate particles into atmosphere it reflect solar radiation. 1965 spread small reflective particles over 5 million square miles of ocen bounce 1% more sunlight into space.