GEOG 3ER3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Marietta, Georgia, Absorptive Capacity, Heavy Metals

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3ER3
Lecture 11: Waste
Stock Pollutant: accumulates over time, environment has no or very little absorptive capacity
Eg. Heavy metals
Fund Pollutant: environment has some absorptive capacity
- Ecosystem finds a way to reuse them eg. CO2
- Eg. Paper
Waste as a System: GDP as a measure
1. Doesn’t count natural or human capital
Weak sustainability
2. Government spending counts towards GDP
Garbage pricing experiment:
Marietta, Georgia reduced monthly fee from $15 to $8
- ½ paid per bag, ½ paid for maximum cans negotiated
- More people <51% were willing to pay per bag they put out then <20% who would pay for
the maximum
Hamilton’s One Bag Experiment
Worried it would increase garbage dumping
Need garbage police
Subsidies on raw materials
- $4,000 max will lease you 16 hectares of crownland to mine minerals
Cheapest, high concentration, easily accessible resources exploited first = rising marginal costs
Efficient time would be sooner than the graph shows to give company “first mover”
advantage
Pollution Costs:
- Polices that internalize environmental costs will give recycling an edge to catch on faster
“Take Back Principle
Germany
Take back products and packaging
Non-profit to collect and recycle materials producers [aid based on KG of packaging
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Document Summary

Stock pollutant: accumulates over time, environment has no or very little absorptive capacity. Ecosystem finds a way to reuse them eg. co2. Waste as a system: gdp as a measure: doesn"t count natural or human capital. Weak sustainability: government spending counts towards gdp. Marietta, georgia reduced monthly fee from to . Paid per bag, paid for maximum cans negotiated. More people <51% were willing to pay per bag they put out then <20% who would pay for the maximum. ,000 max will lease you 16 hectares of crownland to mine minerals. Cheapest, high concentration, easily accessible resources exploited first = rising marginal costs. Efficient time would be sooner than the graph shows to give company first mover advantage. Polices that internalize environmental costs will give recycling an edge to catch on faster. Non-profit to collect and recycle materials producers [aid based on kg of packaging: reduced packaging, diverted from landfills and incinerators.

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