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Lecture 20

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Sean Corner

History: Feb 24th 2014 --> Lecture 10 - Death of Alexander in 323, at Babylon, aged 32 - 323-30 BCE: Hellenistic period - Wars of the Successors - By 275: Ptolemaic Egypt (Ptolemy I), Seleucid Asia (Seleucus I), Antigonid Macedon (Antigonus I)  ^Alexander's empire had broken up into a number of smaller kingdoms and three great imperial kingdoms  these three great kingdoms have different characters: The Antigonid in Macedon were native dynasty ruling as traditional Macedonian monarchs. The Ptolemy in Egypt and Seleucid in Asia were aliens/foreigners in the lands that they ruled.  Alexander the Great tried to create a unified basis for his rule, in a new hybrid Greco- Persian monarchy  since the Persian war the Greeks tended to think of themselves, in relation to the East especially and in relation to non-Greeks, in terms of a dichotomy between Greeks and Barbarians  Alexander had justified his invasion of Persia as a war of vengeance against the eastern barbarians  Greeks and Macedonians that fought with Alexander had come to punish and conquer the barbarians, not to share power with them  success and survival in the wars of the successors that followed Alexander's death, depended upon the support of the Greek and Macedonian soldiery (crucially). They abandoned Alexander's unpopular experiment and instead sought to secure their dominions as colonial conquistadors - Abandonment by Successors of Alexander's experiments in cultural hybridization, in favor of colonial rule - dependence on and use by the kings of Greek soldiers and colonists - extractions of product of indigenous peasantry - Greek culture as the exclusive possession of colonial rulers  for the kings, the colonists provided man power for their armies and also provided means of secure and control of the indigenous population  Hellenistic world was a colonial world except in the particular area of religion  little attempt by the kings and Greco-Macedonian colonists to fit in with or engage with indigenous culture  kings and Greeks considered Greekness are the superior culture; synonymous with civilization  bringing civilization and spreading culture to barbarism in indigenous cultures  if Greekness was considered superior, these colonists were interested in maintaining their Greek superiority  Greekness was a prized, exclusive possession and to maintain the distinction from the indigenous population whom they treated with distain  indigenous people were excluded from citizenship  citizenship by law was limited to the G
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