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Department
History
Course
HISTORY 1M03
Professor
Sean Corner
Semester
Winter

Description
History 1M03 Jan 20 2014 Dr. Sean Corner Jan 22 2014 Lecture▯Core 1 Sparta o The issue of the archaic age: justice o The distribution of powers and protections among the population o The formation of polis: from informal assemblies and traditional authority to  laws, offices and formal institutions of government • The Spartan Constitution: o GEROUSIA—[council of elders]—power to initiate & veto laws o APELLA—[citizen assembly]—power to pass laws o EPHORS—[overseers]—the Spartan executive o Peculiar Spartan dual kingship: not really kings but hereditary  generals/magistrates  Essential a typical archaic polis constitution: distribution of powers  between citizen assembly and elite magistrates • Agoge: o [7­11yr old]—boys begin collective upbringing o [12­20]—training, then first period of military service (including for a  select group: KRYPTEIA) o [20­29]—live in the common messes (syssitia)  Sparta was a permanent military camp • Homoioi: not just equal but alike • A radthallthcollectivized & militarized society • C. 8  & 7 : subordination of Laconia & Messenia o The population reduced helots [serfs] • Helot labor allows Spartans to become fulltime soldiers • Subjugation of helot producers • C. 6 : Sparta rises on the basis of its military power to become leader of the  Peloponnesian league and the most powerful state in Greece • Spartan unity & stability on the basis of helot serfdom • Athenian disunity and crisis due to impoverishment Athenian farmers • Hektemeroi & debt­slavery; eupatrid [newborn] domination • Solon: archon in 594/3 o Some of Solons work survives▯he talks about his political actions through  poetry o Solon had power between the elite and the people Solon Constitution and the Definition of Citizenship o All nativ
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