Art History January 21,2013
King Ferdinand VII
Gruneweld’s Isenheim altarpiece
Royal Academy of San Fernando
Continuation of David’s painting of Napolean crossing…
Commissioned portrait of Napoleon the 1 . He chooses that part of his name to have painted in a detail
in the roc of the painting to look like it is inscribed in the painting (Bonaparte). We also see Hannibal,
Karoins Magins, all these men were leaders. He commissioned this painting in 1801, he was a political
leader at the time, he’s presenting himself in different moment in his life. He wants to reflect back on
when he was made general of the army in 1786?
We can also see the troops in the painting returning to Italy after a successful military campaign.
Portrays himself as a man of destiny and man who has and will continue to lead. Presented on
horseback to look taller and to look more magnificent. He wants it to look like he’s leading France
forward. Leads the army on several campaigns, stages a coute de ta - takes control of state with the
force of the army behind him. st
1799=the coup de tat. Declares himself 1 consul. Very successful, By 1804 French Senate vote to give
him the title of Emperor of France. 12 year period of the 1 French Republic ends. The First French
Empire ends in 1814 and when Napoleon is removed from France.
David wraps him in strategic drapery, Connects it with neo classicism traditions and drama.
Equestrian portrait- portrait of someone on horseback. Horse always being controlled by person on back
to show the authority and the embodiment of power. Typical of sculpture traditions of horse with leg
Point of this commission is to make this look as magnificent as possible disregards realism. Easily
recognizable due to his clothing. A lot has been added to take it beyond the real.
France expands it’s terrain into Spain, Switzerland, Belgium and Nethrlands, Croatia, Poland under
Napoleon. Took control over it under military seizure.
In these military campaigns art is brought back from culture. Objects taken and placed in the Louvre
museum, began as a palace
Following establishment of the French Republic the museum is open to the people. The central museum
of art opened to the public in 1793. When Napoleon came back with his troops he came back with art
and objects from their conquests. The objects presented temporarily in the museum as the booty of war
to show cultural superiority.
Kinds of objects that came:
Apollo Belvedere- famous marble sculpture
Laocoon- very popular from the 1 century of the common era (life sized)
Placed at the louvre as a trophy of conquests
From Belgium art works were also taken religious art such as Rubens “The raising of the cross” taken out
Gaint Van Eyck- “The Alter Piece” ? also a multi part altar piece. Many works kept in Paris not all works
returned after Napoleon is exiled.
Reason why it was legal to take the art was that each country that was seized signed an agreement to
pay a monetary value or something else so most places chose to give the art because they couldn’t
afford to pay money.
Napoleonic troops and their activities expanding. Francisco Goya is a Spanish artist. His work shows
French expansion. His work the 3 of May 1808. Dated 1814. Oil painting. One of two works that Goya