Art History- January 16,2013
The Academy and Anti Acdemics in the late 18 and early 19 c art.
Elizabeth Vigee- Le Brun
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
Charles- Alexandre de Catonne
Reign of Terror- because of the incredible number of people who were killed, mass graves were used
near churches. Marie Antoinette and Louis were placed in mass graves. Period called restoration saw
them being exumed. There was a desire to exume them rebury them.
Back to Marat Painting-
The patrons were the Jacobin Party. 1 French Republic begins in 1792. The work is positied as being
real. It is meant to show that he suffered. He is a promoter of the 3 estate. He meant to be seen as
someone to emphasize and desire. Reference other painting that takes marat’s secular body and staged in a religious aspect. He is on the
virgin mary’s llap and it is tied to Catholic religion. Caravaggio also referenced “entombment from 1792”
from the baroque period
Help build perspective of Marat’s body being the body of a martyr. Charascoreis more subtle. Starker
contrast and multi directionality around the light.
Vigee- le Brun
1780 “ Peace bringing back abundance”
Allegory- this work is an example of allegorical painting and allegorical history painting. Muilti faceted
with the history of the academy and gender. Painted in 1780 and presented in 1783. She was accepted
at the royal academy of painting and sculpture.
Founded in 1648, created by the crown. Has at the time of vigee le brun. A quota system that there can
only be 4 female artists at one time. One wants to be a part of this institution because it impacts how
you can presen your work. Vigee is very successful. She had to present a reception piece to show your
Significance of the nude body, As a female artist she doesn’t have access to the male nude body because
at the time it was seen as inappropriate so she uses female bodies. How do you justify the flesh and the
inclusion of females in the subject when you’re supposed to be a historical artist? Women are used as
allegorical for abundance, cities…
She uses this to combine her techniques of history an artist that uses the femal body. Made most of her
money from portruture. If you are a member of the royal academy then you canshow your pieces at the
salon. Vigee also was a part of the academy of st luc. Doesn’t attract the same audiences and doesn’t
have the same prestige.
Very successful use of musculature in a female way. Her ability to represent coulour and textiles. All of
this comes together to make a very successful work to show her talents. There is a combination of
someone who has studied the human body an makes their skin with no blemishes and enhances their
beauty. Very typical of neo classicism.
Recieves important commission. Finance minister (calonne) the portrait of calonne 1784. We see a lot of
her ability in this portrait. Representation of textiles and silk. Light from external source to look lush
elegant and sophisticated and wealthy. Subtle features encorporated in this work. Calonn has
commissioned this work, he wants this to be positive memory of himself so he went to vigee who had a
reputation of doing just that.