The industrial revolution starts in britain in the early 19th century, first industrial economy. Early 18th c. france was: overall, just as wealthy as britain had a larger population had a similar empire had a vibrant intellectual culture. French resisted changes in agricultural & craft production. French aristocracy not interested in technical and capitalist improvement as were the british. British more willing to risk capital on new ideas major hindrance in france were internal tariffs which effectively reduced the size of markets and restricted the free flow of goods. 1. changes to property holding: enclosure (turning into private property) 2. practical application of science and enlightenment through to farming. Agricultural revolution in england: enclosure: pre-modern farming in england divided the land into large communal fields, with each family working a number of strips of these fields. It created a more efficient way of farming. This was done with the consent of the king and it was resisted.