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Lecture

German Reformation .pdf


Department
History
Course Code
HISTORY 2DF3
Professor
Megan Armstrong

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What was the Reformation
Historical debates
o “revolution” vs medieval reform:
! Steven Ozment (revolution) vs Heiko Oberman
o De-securlization vs. “resacralization” of the world
! Max Weber Vs. Gerald Strauss
Origins of the Reformation
Change is dangerous idea m new threating
o Go back to the bible , and new interpretation
! Luther was only one true religion
" Babylonian Captivity (1303-1415)
Minds of ppl the early 16th century
o Term point of Petrarch ,
devoting in church admin in the
papacy , pope visiting Avignon ,
! Avignon ; French rule ,
" Heated battle of the
pope
" French will take
advantage of the
pope , pope will die
in avigion , get
cardinal to elect new
pope
" Will stay in avigion
for next 85 yrs
"
" Medieval reformers : John Wyclffe , Jan Hus
" Christian Humanism ( Desiderius Erasmus,
Thomas more)
" The Imperial context : The holy Roman
Empire
Martin Luther ( 1483 -1546)
Augustinian friar (1505)
o devout catholic , partly due his devout Catholicism
change his view and path to salvation/sin
o obsessed with unworthiness
o Talked about how he hate god
! nothing what he did was good enough
! spend hours prayer on his knees , flagellation
! more extreme to catholic doctrine
o Lutheran Doctrine
! Catholicism:
" Free will
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" original sin
" 7 sacraments
religious rites
o baptism
o marriage , and final stages
" church structure , prepare you for final
meeting with god
" faith , grace and good works
good works = charity , demonstration
core value of Jesus , atoning for the
sins , doing good Christian acts .
Organize mass for the dead . Truly
believe sinned
! Lutheranism:
" Original Sin
depraved ,cant prove our worthiness
!
" Sola fide, gratia , scriptura
faith , graces and scripture
o understand god through
scripture
o can not save self only god grace
can save you
o if you had gods grace , you will
understand the truth of the
scriptures
" “priesthood of all believers”
did not priesthood to talk to god
Theological influences : Augustine , St Paul, Romans 1 :17
o developing these new ideas 5 yrs prior
o more active component
o good works is absolutely useless
o we are powerless
o catholic church has been misleading
o individual relationship between you and god
o going after church practices
o didn’t believe everyone can be saved
! terrible truth
" only god knows who he will save
o didn’t have worry about his soul , god will decide
! burden lifted , felt at peace
The indulgences Controversy (1517)
o John Tetzelm Dominican preacher
o Pope Leo X (1513-1521)
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