HISTORY 3XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Factories Act 1847, Holy Alliance, Belgian Revolution

44 views8 pages
22 May 2017
Department
History 3XX3
May 11, 2017
Human Rights are Political
Revolutionary Potential
- Asserting an entitlement to rights provides an influential means of seeking change
Emancipatory Logic
- If one group gets to enjoy rights, then it becomes logical for other groups to assert that
they too should enjoy such rights
- The ise ad ise of hua ights
Human Rights in the Industrial Age
Civil and Political Rights continue to evolve
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights emerge
Slavery
Enlightenment ideas of human rights left out certain people
Locke and Jefferson owned slaves
Viewing people as property is a political interest; slaves, poor, women, etc.
John Locke
- ee feea of Caolia shall hae asolute poe ad authoit oe his ego
slaes
Montesquieu
- it is ipossile fo us to suppose these eatues to e e; eause alloig the to
e e, a suspiious ould follo that e ouseles ae ot Chistias
Abolition
Africans not sold in England but brought in from elsewhere
As foreigners, had no rights as English citizens
Lord Mansfield in the Somersett case, 1772
- slae is so odious that othig a e suffeed to suppot it
- Slavery was unsupported by law in England
- By 1774, 10,000 slaves freed in England
1787 Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade forms
Focuses on lobbying Parliament
1807 Slave Trade Act
- Outlaws the Slave Trade in the British Empire
- Requires British government to seek an end to the slave trade
Bitai’s Na efoes aolitio
1808-60
- The Royal Navy capture 1600 slave ships, freeing 150,000 Africans
British invasions of Nigeria, Malawi, Zanzibar to stop slavery
1823 Anti-Slavery Society
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Shifts focus to global slave trade, becoming British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society
Slave Rebellions
- Jamaica (1766,1798, 1831-2), Barbados (1816), British Guiana (1823)
1833 Slavery Abolition Act
- Abolition across the British Empire
1815 Congress of Vienna
- Declares slavery repugnant
1885 Berlin Conference on Africa
- Bans slavery but carves up Africa
1890 Brussels Conference
- allows search of vessels in African waters
1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
- affirms suppression of the slave trade
Slavery in the United States
1777-1804 Northern states abolish slavery
- ude the ostitutio, slaes outed as thee-fifths of all othe Pesos
Alexander Hamilton
- Muh has ee said of the ipopiet of epesetig e ho hae o ill of thei
o… The ae e though degaded to the oditio of slae. The ae pesos
known to the municipal laws of the states which they inhabit, as well as to the laws of
atue. But epesetatio ad taatio go togethe… Would it e just to ipose a
sigula ude, ithout ofeig soe adeuate adatage?
1857 Dred Scott versus Sandford
United States Supreme Court decides 7-2 that:
- a slave did not become free when taken into a free state
- Congress could not bar slavery from territory
- People of African descent imported to the United States, and their descendants could
never be citizens
Abolition
William Lloyd Garrison, American Anti-Slavery Society
- Let “outhe oppessos tele – let the seet aettes tele
Slavery and the Civil War
1860
- of 1,515,605 free families in the fifteen slave states, nearly 400,000 held slaves
- Four million slaves, or over 12% of the total population of the United States
Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina
from the Federal Union, 1860
Abraham Lincoln 1862
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
If I ould sae the Uio ithout feeig a slae, I ould do it; ad if I ould sae it 
feeig all the slaes, I ould do it.
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln, 1 January 1863
If slae is ot og, othig is og.
Emancipation Proclamation immediately changes legal status of slaves in the Confederate
States from slaves to freemen
Abolition
Thirteenth Amendment, 1865
- Legally abolishes slavery except as punishment for a crime
Fourteenth Amendment, 1868
- Citizenship to all persons born in the United States
- Equal rights
During Reconstruction (1863-77), federal troops are posted in the South to ensure abolition
Ku Klux Klan rose in the south to intimidate black people from voting, killed Northern troops
The federal government became unwilling to enforce the fourteenth amendment, leading to
the Jim Crow Laws
Attitudes did’t hage toads lak people, alloig segegatio ee hee it as’t legal
Iteratioal Workig Me’s Associatio to Licol, 18
We ogatulate the Aeia people upo ou e-eletio  a lage ajoit
The workingmen of Europe feel sure that as the American War of Independence initiated a new
era of ascendany for the middle class
Nationalism
1800s sees growth of nationalism
- Right to self-determination for minority people
Giuseppe Mazzii What is a Country, but the place in which our individual rights are most
seue?
As rights emerge, so does citizenship, and it in turn becomes tied to nation
Jus sanguinis: right of blood
Jus soli: right of the soil
Napoleon inspires nationalist struggles
- Consolidates city states and principalities in Germany and Italy
- Nationalist demands by Germans, Hungarians, Italians, Poles, and others
Collapse of the Spanish empire, 1810-24
- Simón Bolívar liberates: Bolivia, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, (Peru)
- José de san Martín liberates Argentina, Chile, (Peru)
Congress of Vienna
- Ignores nationalist demands by countries
Conservative Restoration
Monarchy returns to France in 1814
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class