HISTORY 3XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, Cambodian Genocide

42 views9 pages
22 May 2017
Department
3XX3
May 18, 2017
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Drafters: Eleanor Roosevelt, Pen-Chung Chang, Charles Malik, Rene Cassin
Input from John Humphrey
UDHR
Vaguel idig
Preamble and 30 articles guaranteeing civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights
USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, UK, China
“outh Afia, Russia, “audi Aaia, ee Couist out did’t agee to the delaatio
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
1. We are all born free and equal
2. Do’t disiiate
3. The right to life
4. No slavery
5. No torture
6. You have rights no matter wjere you go
7. We’e all eual efoe the la
8. Your human rights are protected by law
9. No unfair detainmnent
10. The right to trial
11. We’e alas ioet till poe guilt
12. The right to privacy
13. Freedom of movement
14. Right to asylum in other countries from persecution
15. Right to a nationality and freedom to change it
16. Marriage and family
17. The right to your own things
18. Freedom of thought
19. Freedom of expression
20. The right to public assembly
21. The right to democracy
22. Social security
23. Woke’s ights
24. The right to play
25. Food and shelter for all
26. The right to education
27. Copyright
28. A fair and free world
29. Responsibility
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
30. No one can take away your human rights
International Bill of Rights
UDHR plus:
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Both Covenants are legally binding
- Negotiated in 1966 and came into force in 1976
Cold War
Geopolitical competition
Control of territory: directly or indirectly (through allies, proxies)
West versus East
Western bloc versus Eastern bloc
Ideological competition
- Capitalism versus Communism
- Democracy versus Autocracy
- Free World versus Socialism
Cold War Europe
Communism and Rights
Under the communist regies, oke’s olletie ights justif goss iolatios of politial
and civil rights
- Communism hostile to individual rights
Trade off between economic, social and cultural rights and civil and political rights
- Benefits: free education and healthcare, guaranteed jobs and housing, many
opportunities for women
- Deficiencies: lack of political freedom and resulting lack of government legitimacy
Joseph Stalin (1924-53)
Responsible for thousands of deaths in Russia
Stalinism
Focus on making the USSR economically strong
- Collectivization of agriculture
- Industrialisation of the economy
Government programs for health, education, housing, culture
Extreme authoritarianism
- Purges of enemies in 1937, convinced that the Soviet military was conspiring against him
- Next had members of the Secret Police
- Forced famines in the Ukraine
- Gulags
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Gulag
Essetiall a oetatio ap fo people ho did’t agee
Forced labour camp where you would learn how to be a member of the labour force
Re-education camp
Vast number of camps across the nation
Nikita Khrushchev
De-Stalinization
February 1956
Denounces Stalin for his cult of personality
Attaks “tali’s ass epessios ad utal ats of iolatio of “oialist legalit
Admits mistakes
Anti-Communist Revolutions
June 1953:
Uprisings in East Berlin spread to thoughout East Germany
Crushed by Red Army
June-October 1956
Strikes in Poland by Polish nationalists opposing Soviet Rule
Moscow crushes revolt and reinstalls puppet government
Hungarian Revolution 1956
Prague Spring 1968
Mao Zedong
Maoism
Marxism for China
- Importance of peasants, of small-scale industry, and of agricultural collectivization
- Efforts to rapidly industrialize Chia’s eoo
- Government control of individuals
- A permanent revolution
- Cultural Revolution
Maoism in Practice
1958-1961 Great Leap Forward
Goal: transform peansant into proletarians and accelerate industrial production
Collectivised peasants into communities of 20,000-25,000 and focused them on industry
20-30 million Chinese die
Cultural Revolution 1966-76
- Effort by Mao to eliminate political rivals and unrevolutionary officials, and ensure the
maintenance of a revolution spirit amongst the people
Turns youth in Red Guards, who turned against officials, teachers, professors and parents
400,000-1 million killed, millions more sent to labour camps for re-education
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class