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Health& age.docx

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McMaster University
Health, Aging and Society
Anju Joshi

Health & Age 1/22/2013 9:12:00 AM Eugene Blanchard- at one time was oldest confirmed person alive @ 114years and 96 days old - older people become like children in terms of helplessness/ nutrition/ activity -be overheping people you take away their ability to do it themselves -older people are thought to be sick all the time. -unable to do things, therefore excluded -will old ever be considered beautiful? -myths/stereotypes endure because: media, advertisements, political rhetoric, witness evidence of truth/reality[ only one experience that proves our point and we hold on to and ignore all other experiences]  kfc commercial with grandma has bucket on head-seen as disrespectful/childish Impact of negative stereotypes on older people: -some may try and distance themselves from label of “old” - some may accept and internalize the social label of “old”, and change their sense of identity to fit label -change in self-identity can have impact n subjective well-being, self-esteem and coping in later life Ageism marginalizes older people -devalues older people’s contributions -oppressive -limits opportunities and access to resources -limits social involvement -leads to unfair treatment Research Design 1/22/2013 9:12:00 AM Cohorts- all individuals born within the same period of time ( age/birth) or who enter a system at the same time -e.g. Baby Boom cohort between 1946-1966 -different characteristics assigned to different cohorts age differences- result from comparisons of people who are different ages at the same moment in time age changes/effects- occur in the same individual over time, an affect on a person’s life related to physical decline or change due to aging ( some argue it must be universal across everybody e.g. visual changes but not everyone is affected) age grade-a period of life defined by society such as childhood, young adulthood or Third age [ used by age stratification theory] period effects-differences resulting from measures having been taken at a different time periods-effects on all [ historical / major events such as WW] age effects- the effect of a period of time on an individual depends on how old the person is when he or she experiences that period. Age and period effects interact. Cohort effect: cohort experiences differ. Ex: computers Cohort effect-older people didn’t grow with computers Period effect-recession and income Age effect-ability to handle a mouse Types of studies and methods-QUALITATIVES, QUANITIATVE, NARRATIVE GERONTOLOGY[ when people tell stories] Cross sectional design: looks at different groups of individuals at one point in time ( data based on observations or responses), measures age differences but does not provide reason for the differences.  Pros: Quick to do, relatively low cost, draws attention to patterns of behavior that vary by age group  Cons: Longitudinal Research Design: looks at a single group of people at two or more points in time.  Pros: truer picture of change over time  Cons: can take years, expensive, problems with losing members, can lead to biased sample, affected by environment/ period changes Time lag study:examines different groups of people of the same age at different points in time. E.g. 70y/o in 1960, 1970, 1980  Pros:measure difference between diff cohorts  Cons: Sequential Design/ Cohort Analysis: periodic corss-sectional studies during a longer, longitudinal study( cmbining cross-sectional and longitudinal methods -used to examine age diff and age changes Demographics of Aging in Canada 1/22/2013 9:12:00 AM demography- the study of populations and those variables brining about change in that population demographic or population aging- the process whereby a population is made up of older age groups- especially those 65 years old and above United Nations definition: a population is considered “AGED” when more than 7% of it is over 65 years of age 2011 census Canada o the # of Canadians aged 65+ increased by 14.1% between 2006-2011 o in comparison, the # of children aged 14 and under increased by .5% in the previous 5 years o the 65+ population made up a record 14.8% of the total population o more old-old in Canadian society o people aged 80 years and over , their number topped the 1 million mark for the first time in 2006 (1.2 million) Life Expectancy o The average number of years of life remaining at a given age ( e.g. at birth or age 65) or the average number of years a person is projected to live at a given age o Varies by culture, geographic region, gender, ethnicity, education, personal habits, etc. o Dependency-free lif
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