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HLTHAGE 1BB3 (288)
Anju Joshi (127)

Environment and Housing.docx

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Health, Aging and Society
Anju Joshi

Environment and Housing Environment: - person- environment Fit : the extent to which a sitting meets the need of an individual. Example: 2 story house in the suburbs - Environment- many factors make up seniors’ environment- not just the physical or built environment Environment Docility Hypothesis: - proposed by Lawton and Simon in 1968 - EDH hypothesis expressed as a model ( 1973- also referred to as : Press-competence Model & Ecological Model of Aging States that : - the less competent the individual, the greater the impact of environmental factors - competency here refers to ones level of biological health, senor motor functioning, cognitive skill and ego strength The Lawton- Nahersnow Ecological Model : When press increased beyond a person’s competence, maladaptive behaviour occurs - when press is too low, absence of sufficient challenges and opportunities for social interaction may result in boredom and sensory deprivation Examples: -75 year old healthy male lives in high crime neighborhood; he doesn’t have problem coping with the environment because hes physically and psychologically strong- he can respond - someone frail with such strong fear of being victimized that he/she will not leave the house. The environment has a negative effect because the press is high HOUSING Aging in Place: - the situation of older people living into late old age in the same place they lived in their middle years -Loss of a spouse, changes in a persons informal supports and illness may lead to changes in housing and housing needs. One reason for a move to an apartment is “difficulty looking after the home” - at the same time, research on housing/transportation shows that older people enjoy old age in places in which they feel in control – people can maintain this control by changing their place of residence -combined with personal factors ( health, marital status, economic situation), the quality, size, type , location and design of the dwelling are all important variables influencing an older persons lifestyle and life satisfication - home is very important for older people because that’s where they do the majority of their socialization A Housing Continuum for Older people - single family home - apartment, condo, townhouse - continuing ( or life) care community - granny flat - congregate housing - shares housing - board and care ( assisted living) - nursing home Housing and Living Arrangements - it is a myth that most older people are institutionalized. More than 90% live in the community and the majority live in private households - most older people do Not want to live with children. Rosenmayr & Kockeis ( 1963) call this “intimacy at a distance.” The proportion of seniors living alone increase in canada between 1991 and 2001 The number of older people living alone is increasing—especially women. According to NACA ( 2006 Report Card), in 2001 ¾ of the one million seniors living alone were women – and most were widowed - most women living alone are 74-85, and home ownership is much lower (54%) for seniors living along, especially women. - A significant percentage of seniors living along are at risk for housing affordability issues, health problems, social isolation - Senior couples are more likely to be homeowners, r
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