Lecture 17 (Thursday, November 17, 2013) – Aging in the Family/Work & Retirement
Inside of Aging: Marriage
“I think there’s a change in the way you feel about little mishaps, little things, that used to annoy you
so much, seem to be a big deal. Now they don’t seem like a big deal. Little mishaps or irritations you
kind of take in stride now. And for example, losing, losing keys or dropping a dish, which I often do, oh
I don’t see where I’m knocking over a glass and breaking it, you just well – clean it up. One time we
might have been yelling at each other for breaking something. We don’t do that anymore. We just say,
“Oh well.” I think you become, a little more patient.”
Conjugal Status of Population by Age Group (2006)
Individuals are getting married later on in life
A growing number of Canadians 50 years and older are divorcing and experiencing life on their own
Between 1985 and 2005, the divorce rate has increased from 7.2% to 11.0% among men aged 5054
Greying of Divorce (Vanier Institute, 2012)
The average age of divorce has increased from 1990 to 2008
In 2011, 26.2% of Canadians aged 65+ were widowed
In 2011, 51.5% of Canadians aged 80+ were widowed
Rates of widowhood in recent years have been declining
Only a small percentage remarry
An increasing number are considering it more common to date, cohabit, or remarry in later life
(especially among those who are divorced)
1 Lecture 17 (Thursday, November 17, 2013) – Aging in the Family/Work & Retirement
20% of widowers over 65 cohabit or remarry within 5 years, compared to about 6% of widows
Men remarry more often than women – why?
This is because they need the social support of a woman because they are the kin keeper
Many women ought not to remarry again because they don’t want to be in a caregiving situation,
especially if they are marrying older men or men their own age
Families of Tomorrow (Future Seniors)
More people entering into later life as divorced
Rise in living apart together couples (LAT)
More visible older gay and lesbian couples
Work & Retirement
To what extent does retirement exist in contemporary Canadian society? Do older adults desire to
What is meant by the institutionalization of retirement?
How is retirement measured by social gerontologists?
What do gerontologists mean by the concept of “new retirement”?
What factors push and pull older men and women into retirement?
What are benefits and weaknesses of mandatory retirement?
Older Workers & Retirement Perspectives
About Schmidt clip
Phase of life
2 Lecture 17 (Thursday, November 17, 2013) – Aging in the Family/Work & Retirement
Institutionalization of Retirement
Example ▯workers, unions
Example ▯industry, employers
Measures of Retirement
Labour force participation (most common measure of retir