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Lecture 15

Lecture 15 (October 30).docx

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Department
Health, Aging and Society
Course
HLTHAGE 1BB3
Professor
Jessica Gish
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 15 (Wednesday, October 30, 2013) – Caregiving & Social Support/Aging in the Family Social Support and Caregiving Social support = describes the interactions people have with others  Example  ▯who, density, outcomes Caregiving = refers to the support provided to older adults because of poor health and function ­ Also called informal care ­ Intersects with formal care  Example  ▯respite bed Models of Social Support ­ Hierarchical compensatory model ­ Do they ask their spouse or their children first for support? ­ Model assumes that they move from the inside of their social networks to outside of their social  networks  Example  ▯spouse, children, relatives, friends, acquaintances/neighbours, professional services ­ Receiving care from professionals is the last source  ­ Task specific model ­ Suggests that different social support tasks require different types of people to meet these needs ­ Different people have different types of abilities  ­ Also maintains that social support function must be shared among the providers, so each provider  does what they do best  ­ Often makes sense that when bathing tasks occur, women bathe other women and men bathe other  men  ­ Findings from Penning (1990)… ­ Findings from Denton (1997)… ­ Findings show that there isn’t much support for either model ­ What Penning found was that older people tend to use informal and formal support simultaneously  and there is not hierarchal order  ­ Denton agrees that there is no support for a hierarchal model except for the older people who are  single with no children  ­ How people use social support is more complex than what people believe? ­ See pg. 304 of your textbook 1 Lecture 15 (Wednesday, October 30, 2013) – Caregiving & Social Support/Aging in the Family Informal Care: Amount of Care Provided ­ 70­80% of care provided to older adults aged 65+ is by informal caregivers * This will be on the exam (70­80%) ­ 40% of care provided to older adults aged 85+ is by informal caregivers Informal Care: Types of Care ­ Activities of daily living ­ Instrumental activities of daily living  ­ Care management  Care management = when a caregiver is interacting with the health care system in order to manage the  care of the informal and formal caregiving of the individual  ­ Change of the division of labour within the household ­ Can also include the division of care and letting others know what is going on (i.e. phoning and  coordinating with other members of the family) ­ Emotional support Informal Caregivers: Who Cares? ­ Women are most likely to be primary caregivers as spouses and adult children ­ Adult children receive more help from secondary sources than do spouses ­ Marital status affects the size and composition of social support networks ­ Division of labour between men and women is gendered  Informal Caregivers: Types of Care by Gender ­ Women  ­ Personal care ­ Emotional support ­ Inflexible type of care (care that is provided on a 24/h basis) ­ Men  2 Lecture 15 (Wednesday, October 30, 2013) – Caregiving & Social Support/Aging in the Family ­ Household maintenance, shopping, and transportation ­ More flexible type of 
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