WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 21 2012
SEX AND GENDER
attributes of men and women created by their biological characteristics
Two mutually opposed categories: male and female
Reproductive organs – not the only anatomical features of males and females, don’t
have visuals, so we use other anatomical features such as beards, musculature, size
differences, breasts, and visibly accessible anatomical differences.
Distinctions between men and women that are culturally established.
What is defined as masculine, feminine
What criteria? How to act like a man in a given society, femininity and masculinity.
Ideas of man and woman as social roles that define the cultural expectations for that
easy for sociologist: is s social construction made firm by all these institution, but
ultimately a social product.
It is much more complicated than this ^^^^^^^^
Gender has social categories, so its complicated,
Sex is not purely biological, also social construction. Boundaries of these categories
are socially negotiated and come from our cultural understanding of manliness and
Ex. Intersex infants – doctors sometimes just choose sex, based on social ideas of
“appropriately” gendered bodies.
Not totally conform to female or male category
Sometimes it’s a hormonal imbalance, such as testosterone
Sometimes emerges at puberty
Some bodies are fully half female and half male. Hermaphrodite WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 21 2012
GENDER AND STATUS
Gender is a master status
Know what status is for exam
It is a primary orientation. It is something that is very important in our social world.
We want to know first before we can move on with our conversation with you.
Gender also organized your social world and separates different kinds of
categorization schemes, and groups all kinds of things.
IT ORGANIZES OUR ENTIRE WORLD.
Primary orientation, organizing social worlds, and individual’s behavior.