HLTHAGE 1BB3 Lecture Notes - History Of Arda, Dependency Ratio, Dementia

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Health & Age 1/22/2013 9:12:00 AM
Eugene Blanchard- at one time was oldest confirmed person alive @
114years and 96 days old
- older people become like children in terms of helplessness/ nutrition/
activity
-be overheping people you take away their ability to do it themselves
-older people are thought to be sick all the time.
-unable to do things, therefore excluded
-will old ever be considered beautiful?
-myths/stereotypes endure because: media, advertisements, political
rhetoric, witness evidence of truth/reality[ only one experience that proves
our point and we hold on to and ignore all other experiences]
kfc commercial with grandma has bucket on head-seen as
disrespectful/childish
Impact of negative stereotypes on older people:
-some may try and distance themselves from label of “old”
- some may accept and internalize the social label of “old”, and change their
sense of identity to fit label
-change in self-identity can have impact n subjective well-being, self-esteem
and coping in later life
Ageism marginalizes older people
-devalues older people’s contributions
-oppressive
-limits opportunities and access to resources
-limits social involvement
-leads to unfair treatment
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Research Design 1/22/2013 9:12:00 AM
Cohorts- all individuals born within the same period of time ( age/birth) or
who enter a system at the same time
-e.g. Baby Boom cohort between 1946-1966
-different characteristics assigned to different cohorts
age differences- result from comparisons of people who are different ages
at the same moment in time
age changes/effects- occur in the same individual over time, an affect on
a person’s life related to physical decline or change due to aging ( some
argue it must be universal across everybody e.g. visual changes but not
everyone is affected)
age grade-a period of life defined by society such as childhood, young
adulthood or Third age [ used by age stratification theory]
period effects-differences resulting from measures having been taken at a
different time periods-effects on all [ historical / major events such as WW]
age effects- the effect of a period of time on an individual depends on how
old the person is when he or she experiences that period.
Age and period effects interact.
Cohort effect: cohort experiences differ. Ex: computers
Cohort effect-older people didn’t grow with computers
Period effect-recession and income
Age effect-ability to handle a mouse
Types of studies and methods-QUALITATIVES, QUANITIATVE,
NARRATIVE GERONTOLOGY[ when people tell stories]
Cross sectional design: looks at different groups of individuals at one
point in time ( data based on observations or responses), measures age
differences but does not provide reason for the differences.
Pros: Quick to do, relatively low cost, draws attention to patterns
of behavior that vary by age group
Cons:
Longitudinal Research Design: looks at a single group of people at two or
more points in time.
Pros: truer picture of change over time
Cons: can take years, expensive, problems with losing members,
can lead to biased sample, affected by environment/ period
changes
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Time lag study:examines different groups of people of the same age at
different points in time. E.g. 70y/o in 1960, 1970, 1980
Pros:measure difference between diff cohorts
Cons:
Sequential Design/ Cohort Analysis: periodic corss-sectional studies
during a longer, longitudinal study( cmbining cross-sectional and longitudinal
methods
-used to examine age diff and age changes
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