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Lecture 5

HLTHAGE 1BB3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Vascular Dementia, Dementia With Lewy Bodies, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

Health, Aging and Society
Course Code
Yvonne Leblanc

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October 5th, 2015
1BB3 – The Aging Mind
Learning Objectives
- Changes in psychological functioning (normal and abnormal)
The Aging Brain
- Brain shrinks about 10% as we age
- Slower reaction time
- Lesser ability to multitask
- Have problems with working memory
- Age 20 is when brain function peaks
- Latency takes more time to recall information
- Neuroplasticity how our brains are able to change and adapt to the aging
5 Psychological Functions Affected by Aging
1. Memory
2. Learning
3. Intelligence
4. Personality
5. Wisdom/creativity
- Memory is the ability to recall things we have learned, experienced, seen, etc.
- Memory tends to decrease as we age
- What people believe and feel about their memory may be as important as their
actual memory
- Can improve memory through practice and intervention
How can we optimize learning conditions?
Healthy lifestyle
Eliminate distractions
Opportunities for learning
Set own pace
- Fluid = abstract thinking, solving problems. Found to decrease in age
- Crystallized = stuff you know and have learned, gets better with age
- The importance of acknowledging and honoring the personhood of older adults
- Culture
- Morning or night person
- Personality
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