HLTHAGE 1CC3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Combat Stress Reaction, Shell Shock

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Is ptsd the same as "shell shock" or "combat fatigue": shell shock included rigidity, fits of shaking, caused by bomb shells, combat fatigue was less specific to "shells", war exhausted victims and caused this illness. Ptsd symptoms- reliving: person must feel as though the event is recurring, reliving experience, hallucinations, repetitive play, recurrent dreams. Flashbacks, "dissociative: can cause an individual to feel detached or unreal, have deja vu or numbness to event, person may experience both psychological and physiological distress if exposed to situation that may trigger flashbacks. Ptsd symptoms - avoidance and arousal: persons will avoid stimuli associated with traumatic events, eg. Inability to recall specifics of an event: disconnection (estrangement) from others, diminished interest in pre-trauma activities. Feeling that their life is pointless or insignificant. It could limit the ability to recruit future soldiers: made people question if soldiers were really "strong" and "invincible, there is pressure to change it to post-traumatic stress injury (ptsi)

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