HLTHAGE 2G03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Bipolar Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Parenting Styles

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Wednesday, November 9, 2016
Lecture 8 Mental Health Across the Lifespan
1) Age norms construct what is mentally healthy vs ill
2) Life iustaes ipat oe’s etal health
Childhood Mental Health
Emergence of the Psy-ees helped tasfo ad kids ito pole hilde
Moe edialized appoah to hilde’s etal health e.g. uses i shool
Growth of psychoanalysis prompted increased interest in children and relationships to
family
Mental illness develops out of childhood experience Feud’s idea
9s ult of the ideal faily
o Boke hoe is a theat to elleig of hilde, faily, ad soiety
o Idea that a family unit must be structured in a certain way or else in impacts
hilde’s well-being negativity
Refigeato Mothes
o Mental illness blamed on the way mothers raise their children
o Refers to mothers who were too cold
Childhood Mental Health - Schools
“hool eoes a sueillae site
o Mental health and school relationship formed
o School built into the diagnostic criteria itself
o Preventative care
Moeet i s ad s to idetify pe-deliuet hilde – those who had minor
behaviour issues
Lead to an increased usage of counsellors/therapists who attempted to intervene with
the deviant children
Distitio etee healthy ad uhealthy hilde hadeed… oig fo a
spectrum to a binary of normal/abnormal
Case Study: Conduct Disorder
“ie D“M  fous o ause … etal illess as liked to paetig, poety, lo
eduatio… et.
Study found that 2-16% of US pediatric population had conduct disorder
epetitie ad pesistet patte of dissoial. Aggessie, o defiat odut
Symptoms are broad and creates idea of how children should behave
Signs:
o Fighting
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o Bullying
o Sexually active at a young age
o …et.
One of the new disorders that began to be developed
Explosion of Childhood Mental Disorder
Since 1990s
o Rise in ADHD (3x)
o Rise in childhood depression (10x)
o Rise in autism diagnosis (2000% increase)
o Rise in childhood bipolar disorder (4000% increase)
Range of behaviours that we accept as normal childhood is shrinking
More people/children get identified as mentally ill
Medicalization of childhood look at it from a prism of health
Childhood is now seen as a crucial period to intervene
o Biological reasoning says we should do this because neural plasticity and key
connections are formed in the brain as a child
o Psychological reasoning say it is because learned behaviours, patterns, and self-
concepts
o Social reasoning says that it is because child learn relationships young, and they
need to be connected with the community
Rise in the Criteria for Mental Illness
Massive increase in rates of diagnosis
Expanded criteria in the DSM
Include more people who have less symptoms
E.g. ADHD, ODD, and Autism
Childification new childhood symptoms created for disorders previously associated
with adults only
Creation of new illness categories (DMDD) tepe tatu disode lol
Explaining the Rise Family and Parenting Change
Parents have gotten busier & classroom sizes get larger
o pole hilde ae hade to put up ith
o Behaviours seem as problematic
Less blended families (less grandparents)
o Fee paet’s aoud
o Ieasig eliae o pofessioals fo hild adie…
Shift in parenting styles
o Authoritarian/strict hilde’s ights
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