HLTHAGE 2G03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Leonard Roy Frank, Mad Pride, Neurodiversity

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Lecture 10: Mad Pride and Neurodiversity
- Mentally incapacitated denied right to vote until 1988 in Canada (those in psych
hospitals)
oNormally reserved for beings that we do not see as humans, cats, offenders,
racism etc.
oThese people fundamentally irrational and incapable of making this kind of
decision
- From late 1800s, “idiots” and “lunatics” prohibited form entering Canada for fear of
degeneracy and dependency
oUntil 1967, Canada Immigration Act listed people with mental illness in
“undesirable” category of potential immigrants
oMental disorder as basis for deportation (eg. Autism)
Professor teaching in Australia, had son who was diagnosed with
autism (seen as too much of burden to society, and child was
deported) prof had a choice to follow family, or abandon them.
- Eugenic movement
oMarriage and reproductive rights limited, forced sterilization
oIn Alberta and BC, laws passed that made forcible sterilization of individuals
in psyche hospital
- Institutionalized may threaten property rights, treatment choices
- Recent years have seen increased organization to change to marginalization
Mad Movement
- Challenges biomedical model, pushes for rights of made individuals
oSuggests there are alternate ways of expressing their position in society
oPsychiatric systems are clinician centred, not person-centered
DSM, categorization
Methods of treatment (involuntary)
Use of restraints, seclusion, forced hospitalization
- Push for peer-led alternative to psychiatric system
oHelp people minimize interaction with official psychiatric system
- Face particular challenges because of dominance of biomedical idea, notion that
mentally ill are inherently reasonable
oNotions like you need to take meds, and not taking them is a form of
misbehaving
Elizabeth Parsons Packard (mid 19th century)
- Minister’s wife, institutionalized for liberal religious views without court or psych
evaluation because she was a married woman
- Freed after three year long legal challenge to demonstrate sanity, lost home and
custody of children
- Anti-insane asylum society
oTwo major critques
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oFalse pathologization of strange ideas and behaviour. Having an uncommon
point of view, no matter how absurd in others eyes, was no reason for
institutionalization
oArgued against dehumanization of people within the system
- Set tone for mad movement: using courts, criticizing diagnostic system, revealing
abuses
- Created a framework shoed how the legal system can be used to fight against this
form of treatment, she put emphasis on trying to raise public awareness of this, she
went at the system itself
1970s
- Built on late 1960s early 70s challenges to dominant governing systems,
institutions, and idea
- Ex patients revealed abuses
oCut out decision making process over treatment, physically isolated,
punished via treatments, sedated into submission
oWas not something that would heal people but I made running a hospital
very easy
- Link up w/ anti-psychiatry movement-> psychiatry inherently violent
oPsychiatry movement: composed of a bunch of psychiatrist who were very
critical of their profession, inherently damaged and inherently damaging
Emergency of Survivors
- Leonard Roy Frank
oAn extraordinarily conventional college grad and real estate salesmen.
Transformed via Ghandi
oIn 1960s, got caught up in eastern spirituality, Ghandi, his world view
changed
oForcibly confined after parents intervention, symptoms “not working,
growing a beard, becoming a vegetarian, strong beliefs, negativism
oReceive 35 ECTs and 50 insulin induced coma treatments in 9 months.
Persistent vegetarianism and beard growth cited as reasons to continue
treatment. After “surrender”, he was released
oNetwork Against Psychiatric Assault
Like others (insane liberation front, mental patients liberation, etc.)
advocated for hospitalized people, fought sectioning, anti ECT,
protests APA, creates community publications, offer public education
- Survivors of the system not the disorder
- Start referring to themselves as survivors **
10th Annual International Conference on Human rights and Psychiatric Oppression
(Toronto 1982)
- This is not a system that can be reformed it must be abolished
- Lacking validity, empirical evidence
- Noted that individual diagnosed with MI came from marginalized sections of society
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