HLTHAGE 2G03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Occupational Safety And Health, Mental Disorder, Scientific Method

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2G03 June 29th, 2016
Lecture 4 – Emergence of the Psyences
Century of the Psyences
- During course of the 20th c., growth in size and importance of disciplines relating
to mental and emotional phenomena (psychiatry, psychology, social work, etc.)
- Mental processes become seen as central to human endeavour, touching
everything from advertising strategy to occupational health to school performance
oTurn towards psychology to “comprehend and surmount problems of the
human condition like despair, loss, and conflict.”
oEveryday concerns like “sex, marriage, womanhood and manhood; work,
ambition, worldly failure, habits, desires, inclinations” subject to
psychological understanding
oBoom in pop psychology, ranging from how to make decisions to the “art
of picking up”
Century of the Psyences II
- Mental health concerns have become central to everyday life, with 20-50% of
population receiving a diagnosis, many others prophylactically attempting to
improve/protect mental health
oMassive growth in “mental health industries”- professionals, life coaches,
spas, self-help books
oMental health knowledge spread through schools, mass media, social
media, police services, government services, etc.
- These shifts have “changed expectations about what it is to be human”
- As a result, deviance became something that required immediate, and sometimes
drastic attention
Basic Theory
- Freud radically changed the way we view mental health
- Mental disorder result of conflicts between id, superego, and ego
- Id = animalistic part of ourselves, craves, wants, desires (sex/aggression)
- Superego = opposite of id, society’s voice that exists within us that guides our
- Ego = mediates between superego and id
- Conflicts began in childhood. When ego overburdened by demands of the id and
superego (anxiety) it utilizes defense mechanisms (repression, denial)
- These processes unconscious in nature
- Take the unconscious, and move it to the conscious – psychotherapy
- But how applicable?  very limited clientele
Psychoanalytic Movement
- Took psychiatrists out of the asylum
- Provided an entire new world view (people applied it in every aspect of life)
- Widened meaning of mental illness
- Treatment preserve of the wealthy?  not a lot of coverage
- Strengthened importance of patient/doctor relationship
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