HLTHAGE 2G03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Leonard Roy Frank, Mad Pride, Neurodiversity

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2G03 July 25, 2016
Lecture 10: Mad Pride and Neurodiversity
Rights for Those Diagnosed with Mental Illness?
- “Mentally incapacitated” denied right to vote until 1988 in Canada
- From late 1800s, “idiots” and “lunatics” prohibited from entering Canada for fear
of degeneracy and dependency
oUntil 1967, Canada Immigration Act listed people with mental illness in
“undesirable” category of potential immigrants
oMental disorder as basis for deportation (e.g. autism)
- Eugenics movement
oMarriage and reproductive rights limited, forced sterilization
- Institutionalization may represent threat to property rights, treatment choices
- Recent years have seen increased organization to challenge marginalization…
Mad Movement
- Challenges biomedical model, pushes for rights of mad individuals
oPsychiatric systems are clinician centered, not person-centered
DSM, categorization
Methods of treatment
Use of restraints, seclusion, forced hospitalization
- Push for peer-led alternative to psychiatric system
oHelp people minimize interaction with official psychiatric system
- Face particular challenges because of dominance of biomedical idea, notion that
mentally ill are inherently unreasonable
Elizabeth Parsons Packard (mid 19th c.)
- Calvinist minister’s wife, institutionalized for liberal religious views. Law
permitted a husband to institutionalize wife without court or psych evaluation
- Freed after three years, legal challenge to demonstrate sanity, lost home, custody
of children, in meantime
- Anti-Insane Asylum Society
oTwo major critiques:
False pathologization of “strange” ideas and behaviour. Having an
uncommon point of view, no matter how absurd in others’ eyes,
was no reason for institutionalization
Argued against the dehumanization of people within the system
- Set tone for mad movement: using courts, criticizing diagnostic system, revealing
abuses.
1970s
- Built on civil rights struggle, women’s movement, gay rights movement
- Ex-patients revealed abuses experienced within psychiatric system
oCut out of decision making process over treatment, physically isolated,
punished via “treatments”, sedated into submission
- Link up with anti-psychiatry movement  psychiatry inherently violent
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