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Lecture 4

ITALIAN 1Z06 Lecture 4: Subject Pronouns and essere


Department
Italian
Course Code
ITALIAN 1Z06
Professor
Wendy Schrobilgen
Lecture
4

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Monday, September 14, 2015
Unità 1B.1
p. 24-25
Subject Pronouns
Essere
Essere (to be) is an irregular verb because its conjugation (the set forms for the different
subjects) does not follow a pattern. The basic form essere is an infinitive, meaning it
does not correspond to any particular subject.
-Unlike English, Italian does not require subject pronouns and, in fact, they are usually
omitted. In the case of è and sono, use the context of the sentence to identify the
subject.
Sono studente. Sono brave studentesse?
I am a student. Are they good students?
Subject Pronouns
Singular
Plural
first person
io
I
noi
we
second person
tu
you (fam.)
voi
you
Lei
you (form.)
Loro
you (form.)
third person
lui
he
loro
they
lei
she
essere
(to be)
singular forms
plural forms
io sono
I am
noi siamo
we are
tu sei
you are
voi siete
you are
Lei è
you are (form.)
Loro sono
you are (form.)
lui/lei è
he/she is
loro sono
they are
1
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