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Religious Studies Review Sheet. 222docx.docx

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Department
Labour Studies
Course
LABRST 1A03
Professor
Hannah Holmes
Semester
Winter

Description
Religious Studies Review Sheet Part I 1-Aaron- was the older brother of Moses, (Exodus 6:16-20, 7:7;[2] Qur'an 28:34[3]) and a prophet of God. He represented the priestly functions of his tribe, becoming the first High Priest of the Israelites. There, Aaron gained a name for eloquent and persuasive speech, so that when the time came for the demand upon the Pharaoh to release Israel from captivity, Aaron became his brother’s nabi, or spokesman, to his own people Abraham- is one of the biblical patriarchs and a major character in the epic of the Israelites In Jewish and Christian tradition, Abraham is the father of the Israelites through his son Isaac. Ai- was a Canaanite royal city. According to the Book of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Joshua"Joshuain the Hebrew Bible, it was conquered by the Israelites on their second attempt. Anthropomorphism - Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. [1] Biblical anthropomorphism is when human characteristics are projected on God.The Bible has examples of God referring to himself in anthropomorphic terms and the biblical writers referring to God in anthropomorphic terms Exodus 3:20 "So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all My miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and after that he will let you go. Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) - ruled the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC. He was a son of King Antiochus III the Great. His original name was Mithridates, Sacking of Jerusalem and persecution of Jews Assyria - During this period Israel and Judah were both small kingdoms giving support either to the Assyrians or the Arameans (Syrians) and prospering or suffering according to the relative strength of these more major powers. Israel in particular often used Assyrian power to retain independence from Damascus. Babylon - The city itself was built upon the Euphrates Balaam- is a diviner in theTorah, his story occurring towards the end of the Book of Numbers Every ancient reference to Balaam considers him a non-Israelite, aprophet, and the son of Beor, though Beor is not so clearly identified. Though other sources describe the apparently positive blessings he delivers upon the Israelites, he is reviled as a "wicked man Canaan- Canaan, according to the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible, was a son of Ham and grandson of Noah, and was the father of the Canaanites. He was the recipient of the so-called Curse of Ham. Covenant- A biblical covenant is a religious covenant that is described in the Bible. All Abrahamic religions consider biblical covenants important. Of these covenants, the Noahic Covenant is unique in applying to all humanity, while the other covenants are principally agreements made between God and the biblical Israelites and theirproselytes. Jeremiah 31:30–33 also mentions "a new covenant" that God would establish with Israel andJudah. David*- was a culture hero, and according to the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, the second king of theUnited HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Israel_(united_monarchy)" Kingdom of Israel Deuteronomistic History- The Second Division of the Hebrew Bible: The Nevi'im Further subdivided into Former & Latter Prophets The Former Prophets: Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings cover the period from the conquest to the exiles. written by the same author/redactor/school as the book of Deuteronomy: Emphasis on the Davidic covenant David is idealized as greatest king, God promises that his monarchy will be everlasting... http://www.narrowgate-rmartin.com/theo10_classnotes/notes_dh.htm Documentary Hypothesis- sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis), holds that theTorah was derived from originally independent, parallel and complete narratives, which were subsequently combined into the current form by a series of redactors (editors). The number of these is usually set at four, but this is not an essential part of the hypothesis. The hypothesis was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries from the attempt to reconcile inconsistencies in the biblical text. the Yahwist source ( J ) : written c. 950 BC in the southern Kingdom of Judah. the Elohist source ( E ) : written c. 850 BC in the northern Kingdom of Israel. the Deuteronomist ( D ) : written c. 600 BC in Jerusalem during a period of religious reform. the Priestly source ( P ) : written c. 500 BC by Kohanim (Jewish priests) in exile in Babylon. Ehud- is described in the biblical Book of Judges HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehud"[1] as a judge who was sent by God to deliver the Israelites from Moabite domination. Esau- in the Hebrew Bible, is the older son of Isaac. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis, Etiology- is the study of causation, or origination. Exodus- is the story of the enslavement of the Israelites in Egypt following the death of Joseph, their departure under the leadership of Moses, the revelations at Sinai, and their wanderings in the wilderness up to the borders of Canaan. Gilgamesh - was the fifth king of Uruk Hagar- is a biblical person in the Book of Genesis Chapter 16. She was an Egyptian handmaid of Sarai (Sarah),[1] who gave her to Abram (Abraham) to bear a child. Haustafeln- family duties Hexateuch- The Hexateuch ("six scrolls") is the first six books of the Hebrew Bible HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexateuch"[1] (the Torah or Pentateuch and the book of Joshua). Some scholars propose that Joshua represents part of the northern Yahwist source (c 950 BC), detached from JE document by the Deuteronomist (c 650-621) and incorporated into theDeuteronomic HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuteronomic_history" history, with the books of Judges, Kings, and Samuel. Hezekiah- was the son of Ahaz and the 14th king of Judah.[1] Edwin Thiele has concluded that his reign was between c. 715 and 686 BC.[2] He is also one of the most prominent kings of Judah mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Isaac- as described in the Hebrew Bible, was the only son Abraham had with his wife Sarah, and was the father ofJacob and Esau. Isaac was one of the three patriarchs of the Israelites. According to the Book of Genesis, Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born, and Sarah was beyond childbearing years. Isaac was the only biblical patriarch whose name was not changed, and the only one who did not leaveCanaan. Isaiah- was a prophet who lived in the 8th-century BC Kingdom of Judah. Ishmael- is a figure in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, and wasAbraham's first son according to Jews, Christians and Muslims. Ishmael was born of Abraham's marriage to Sarah's handmaiden Hagar (Genesis 16:3). Israel- The Jewish religious belief that the area is a God-given inheritance of the Jewish people is based on the Torah, Jacob- In the Hebrew Bible, he is the son of Isaac and Rebekah, the grandson of Abraham, Sarah and of Bethuel, and the younger twin brother of Esau. Jacob had twelve sons and at least one daughter, by his two HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polygamy_in_Judaism"wives,Leah and Rachel Jael- is a character mentioned in the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible, as the heroine who killed Sisera to deliver Israel from the troops of king Jabin. She was the wife of Heber the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heber_the_Kenite"Kenite. Jebus-Caanaanties JEDP- In brief, the JEDP theory states that the first five books of the Bible, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, were not written entirely by Moses, who died in the 1400's B.C., but also by different authors/compliers after Moses. The theory is based on the fact that different names for God are used in different portions of the Pentateuch, Jephthah- served as a judge over Israel for a period of six years (Judges 12:7) as the result of a rash vow, he sacrificed his daughter after defeating the Ammonites. An alternative interpretation of the story is that his daughter was subject to a chastity vow as a sacrifice. Joshua- is a figure in theTorah, being one of the spies for Israel (Num 13–14) and in few passages as Moses' assistant.[3] He is the central character in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua. He was one of the twelve spies of Israel sent by Moses to explore the land of Canaan. (Numbers 13:1-16) After the death of Moses, he led the Israelite tribes in the conquest of Canaan, and allocated the land to the tribes Josiah- was a king of Judah (641–609 BC) who instituted major reforms. Josiah is credited by most historians with having established or compiled important Jewish scriptures during theDeuteronomic reform that occurred during his rule Ketubim- is the third and final section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), Luke-disciple of Christ , Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four Gospels. Mark- This canonical account of the life of Jesus of Nazareth is one of the three synoptic gospels Most scholars believe that the Gospel of Mark was the first of the canonical gospels, and was available when the gospels of Matthew and Luke were written.[22] The reason that such great importance is attached to this Gospel has been the widespread belief among scholars that the Gospel of Mark and probably Q were the basis of the Synoptic Gospels,[23] HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_of_Mark"[24] as held in the two-source hypothesis. Markan Priority- Markan priority is the hypothesis that the Gospel of Mark was the first written of the three Synoptic Gospels, and that the two other synoptic evangelists, Matthew and Luke, used Mark's Gospel as one of their sources. The theory of Markan priority is today accepted by the majority of New HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Testament"Testamentscholars[1][2] who also hold[citation needed] that Matthew and Luke used a lost source of Jesus's sayings called Q. Matthew- one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament. It tells of the life, ministry, death, a
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