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Lecture 12

Labour Studies - Lecture 12 Notes.docx

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Labour Studies
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David Goutor

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Hayley Dawson April 2 , 2013 Breakthrough in WWII (Part Two) Strike Wave (1942-1943)  Unions and workers getting fed up  See big strike wave  Biggest strike wave in country’s history  Workers go on strike during war in large numbers  Even in wartime industries  Did not really do this in WWI  About frustration with employers but a lot was aimed at government  Striking to establish the union, recognizing the union as the bargaining agent  A lot being driven by workers at the bottom  Not always lead by union leaders Public Response  Government is counting on public to say this is bad  Want public to tell them to go back to work  Public backlash is not as big as expected  A lot of public supports strikes  People remembered WWI  Wanted this war to be about something because WWI was supposed to be and was not  Want lives to get better, want democracy, industrial democracy, freedom  Public understand that a lot of these workers suffered through depression and now want better deal CCF  People liked the CCF  Tied with liberals and conservatives in polls  Sometimes surpassed them in polls  Mainstream media and politicians are scared  1944: o Tommy Douglass become Saskatchewan Premier o Part of the CCF  Government realizes they must do something Baby Bonus  Family allowance  Allowance from the government for every family based on how many kids they have  Went to mothers PC1003  Changed labour relations Hayley Dawson April 2 , 2013  Stronger in Canada than in US: rules of organizing  People who support union cannot be fired or singled out  Unions are established across Canada and US  Able to bargain and make deals with employers  Main four: auto, steel, rubber, electrical  Wagner’s Model: o Mandatory recognition (if majority of workers in plant support the union, the employer must recognize the union) o Bargaining (unions are allowed to bargain collectively about issues) o Democracy War’s End  What will happen to economy? o Go back into depression?  What will happen with all the new unions? o Employers thought unions were temporary  What will happen with the new laws? o Wartime laws o Will they make them permanent after the war  What will happen to all the workingwomen? Impact on Women Roles & Opportunities  New opportunities and roles for women Propaganda  New images encouraging roles  Government encourage women to embrace the chance  Need help from women for war  “We Can Do It!” poster  Work that women are doing are in support of their men who are fighting Persistence of Traditional Variables  Traditional values continued to be strong  Employers turn to women because they have no other choice  Employers say they are out of options  Seen as highly temporary (will not last in long-term)  Employers were concerned about quality of womens’ work  Family Roles: o Women’s primary responsibility is still to stay at home and take care of children o Has concrete impact on how women are employed o Single women are called in to work first, then married women, then mothers o Fewer responsibilities you have, faster you get called to work Hayley Dawson April 2 , 2013  Work Roles: o Traditional idea of what a women’s job is still persistent o Lighter industries still considered women’s work o Only called into harder work when there were severe shortages Late 40s – Strike Wave (Part One) Importance of Late 1940s Consolidation  Entrenchment of changes Status of Women Retrenchment (Exception)  Retrenchment of traditional views of women in late 1940s and 1950s  1950s are very conservative time  Women stay at home  Women stay in role of home-maker and mother  Women played role in winning the war, now go home  Was just a temporary sacrifice Economy: New Depression Averted  Recession after the war  Recession does not last that long  Three basic reasons that depression was averted Domestic Demand  Big demand for consumer items after war ends  Saved money during the war (bought victory bonds)  Bonds used to fund war effort  People did not spend during war or during depression  Wanted to spend money  Domestic demand drives recovery  People buy dishwashers, microwaves, clothes, etc. Government: Keynesian Policies  Average people have a lot of money in pockets after cash in bonds  Keynesian policies get attention  Governments spend money to achieve full employment (make more jobs)  Build up infrastructure that will help economy in the longer term International Policies  Governments decide to spend money rebuilding economies  Buy exports Hayley Dawson April 2 , 2013  Marshall Plan: o George Marshall o Rebuild o Exports of resources o Canada has resources (wheat, lumber, metals) Canada’s International Status  Canada is now a leading industrial power (by end of 1940s)  Canadian workers at advantage  Canadian jobs are plent
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