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LABRST 1A03 (339)
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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Labour Studies .docx

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Labour Studies

Lecture 2  Generally FOUR factors drive innovation: First Industrial Revolution o Communication Transportation Part 1: Economic and Workplace o Technology Transformations o Technique  1st D.R.: Transpiration and Timing for First I.R. Technique are biggest in Canada  Britain – st. 1750s  United States, Northern France, Communication parts of Germany = early 1800s  Telegraph and Long-Distance Cable  Canada – 1850s & 1860s  Spreads Industrial and Economic Growth Canada’s Political & Economic Background  Breaks bond of Human Movement  Confederation – 1867 (Revolution and Information Movement hit before confederation)  Key in communication basic o Ontario, Quebec, and information Maritimes o News  Main goal: Confederation will spur o Business: prices, demand, development supply, etc. o Re. territory = settle the West o Re. Economics = industry & Transportation commerce  Canals  Railways More Political Background  Impacts:  Federal Politics: Era of Conservative o Reduce isolation of Dominance communities/markets  Sir John A. MacDonald o Open producers up to o 2 terms (a 10 year term) competition  Ontario Politics: Liberals Dominate o Oliver Mowat, Ontario Technology Premier 1872 – 96  Power Sources o Steam More Political & Eco Background  New Machines & Industries  Results of Plans for Growth? o Railways again Disappointment o Settlement = Slow Technique (most important)  Climate & cultivation  Reorganizing wok problems o New methods  Riel rebellion o New structure to work o Economy o SO totally new work  World Economy experience o Depressions, esp. 1837- 1879, 1891-1895 How does this all unfold? o “Long Depression” = 1872 –  Economists: Different “Paths to 1896 Industrialization” Drivers of Revolution  FOUR Main ones in 1 I.R. o Small Shop to Factory o Mechanization  Developed from the railway works o New Industries o Developments in Staple Development in Staple Industries Industries  Increased Finishing  Very Limited BUT high impact due to Small Shops to Factory scale  Back to Mastercraftsman’s Shop o “Squaring Timber”  Transportation Innovations  Pressures from Imports New Working World in factories  New Roles Change into Factory  New Rules  Steps  New Workers o Speed and supplies o Role of merchants New Roles o Expansion  Breaking Down of Tasks o Relocation  Pre-Industrial Era o Factory o Product made “Start to Finish” Change into Factory Cont’d  Industrial Era  Fate of Mastercraftsman o Tasks broken down repetition  Journeyman  Deskilling – losing range of skills you  Apprentices used ot have st o NOT complete in 1 I.R. Mechanization st  New Machines = 1 I.R.: steam Impact of New Roles powered  Alienation o Classic example = steam o Repetition powered looms
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