Class Notes (835,242)
Canada (509,043)
LABRST 1A03 (339)
David Goutor (304)
Lecture 4

Labour Studies - Lecture 4 Notes.docx

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Labour Studies
David Goutor

Political Impacts of the Industrial Revolution  Emergence of Business Class o Manufacturers o Associations (Canadian Manufacturers Association) o Business class was well connected o Business class in the world of business is much more removed from the world of work (not like the master craftsman)  Prevailing Ideology: Liberalism o Liberalism does not always mean liberal party o A lot of people called liberals are not people who identify themselves as liberals (identified themselves with “conservative”) o Liberals believe in protecting liberty and allowing for liberty to work o Allowing a system that promotes liberty is the best way to go o Governments should intervene as little as possible and let the free market play out o Liberals do not want unions to influence governments  Classical Liberalism: George Brown o Prominent in the liberal party in Canada o Committed to pure free-market liberalism, free trade, free flow of goods  Conservative party leader: John A. Macdonald o Called party liberal-conservative party for a while o Made acceptions to things that the government could do to limit the free-market but that would help the economy grow o National Policy: 1. Public Works 2. Immigration (open immigration, subsidizing of immigration), 3. Tariff (Protective Tariff): tariffs set high enough to protect local industries, other countries can make goods cheaper and more efficiently than Canada, want more commission in Canada so make goods from other countries more expensive Craft Unions  Conservative Aspects o “Only the skilled workman” o Wanted to protect and conserve the need for skilled workers o Wanted to protect the reputation of skilled workers, the tradition and protect themselves from deskilling o Looking to preserve the past o Want to establish old traditional ways into new factories o Craft unions were only interested in representing the skilled worker o Saw unskilled workers as a threat because more of them were getting jobs in factories  Radical Aspects o Fight fundamentally for control of the workers o Fight against the power of the employer o They are a threat to the power of the employers o This means that in the long term employers would be weakened o Employers were concerned about Craft Unions  Classical Example: Shoemakers o Main shoemaking union: Knights of St. Crispin o Shoemaking shops were where people would get together and socialize with other members of the community o Shoemakers organized rigorously to control the trade o Drew support from the community  Results o Shoemakers again: changes in technique and industrialization happened quickly, were unable to resist and did not have much control in the industry o Kealey Article o Key Variable = control of trade  Producer Ideology: o “We are still independent producers and we still want to have a certain stature” Kealey Article  One trade (Barrel Making) gets pushed aside  There are trades wehre skilled craft unions are able to resist (ex. Iron Moulders, Printers Unions)  Establish themselves and maintain control of the trade  Set union rates (prices of products – like they used to)  Able to control aspects about how the business is run (ex. how many apprentices are hired, etc.)  Some unions were actually able to establish themselves in the workplace so they had leverage  Maintained a level of control  Unions were not solely about wages and benefits  About maintaining: o Certain way of life in the job o Pace of production (so did not have to keep up with factory time) o Certain connections on the job (so they didn’t have to be told who to talk to and who not to talk to)  Was not entirely about income but also about a way of life, living, working Birth of the Labour Movement I  Early = Localized o Struggles were localized o Ex. One union fighting against one employer  Growth within trades o Printer unions in Toronto connecting with printer unions in Hamilton, etc. o Unions developed network and became stronger o Pool resources to have strike fights, get benefits o Canadian unions do not just connect with each other but plug into international un
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