Class Notes (836,826)
Canada (509,919)
LABRST 1A03 (339)
David Goutor (304)
Lecture 11

Labour Studies - Lecture 11 Notes.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

Labour Studies
David Goutor

Hayley Dawson March 26 , 2013 Rise of the C.I.O. (Part One) Breakthrough in US  Biggest breakthrough in American labour movement was during the depression  Surprising trend: union surge in depression era  Wild gulf between Canada and US o Canada is not always more progressive than the US o Been times when the US has been more progressive than Canada o 1930s is a time like that o Working class mobilization, popular mobilization  FDR o President starting in 1933 when depression is at its worst o Launches the New Deal Bottom-up Activism  Average workers were bottom-up activists  Were just fed up with bad conditions  Workers decided they had enough of bad conditions and wanted better  Want say in how work is run  Tired of level of control and power that employers have over them  Living in constant insecurity  1932-33: people were less willing to trust business people to know what they were doing, less willing to listen to what economists were saying Labour Leadership  Generation of labour leaders who come through in the 1930s  Were extremely effective leaders and organizers  Had a sense that this was the moment, wanted to seize the moment  In order of prominence at the time (third to first) Sidney Hillman  Third most prominant  ILGWU  Garment workers union  Lead the union to more organizing in the garment industry and spread to other industries as well Walter Reuther  Second most important  Main figure in Autoworkers Union  Lead the wave of organizing industries that had not been organized before John L. Lewis Hayley Dawson March 26 , 2013  Most important figure  President of the United Mine Workers (UMWA  Was biggest union already organized on industrial lines  Lewis becomes extremely prominent figure leading and organizing new industrial unions  Famous for being tough  Impossible to be intimidated by employers  Main figure of new industrial unions New Deal  Shift in policy  New Deal is a program launched by the administration of Eleanor Roosevelt  Goal of the New Deal is twofold 1. To keep stability so people do not become too attractive to radical action 2. Economically to deal with the depression Keynesian Economics  John Maynard Keynes: o Economist with a particular approach to economics that is embraced in the US to deal with depression  For the government to become more proactive to deal with the economy  Need to spend money to boost the economy  Problem is there is not enough money in the average person’s pocket  Government had to do things to make sure there was enough money in average person’s pockets to keep economy from depression  Have to allow for mass-consumption  Cannot have mass production without mass consumption N.D. Liberalism = Active Government  ‘Saving Capitalism from Capitalists’ o Liberalism will lead to a collapse of the economy o Industrial economy requires government support o Governments have to provide this support o Not an anti-capitalist position o Have to save capitalism from itself o Need to get government active to maintain capitalist system o Capitalists might not like it but it is necessary o Must regulate what banks do, what business does  Stimulus o Injecting money into the economy to keep it alive o Doing things that put money into the pockets of average people o Ex. Social Security (pension fund) so money is there in the long-run o Making sure there will be a certain amount of money there o If people do not feel secure they do not consume Hayley Dawson March 26 , 2013 o Works Progress Administration: major construction projects that put people to work and built up the economic structure o Government needed to instill a sense of confident so people would be more confident about spending  Reviving Democracy o Concerns about democracy become increasingly urgent in 1930s o Average people have less power than every before o Sense that democracy might not work at all o Turning to more radical movements o New Deal wanted to show that a democratic government could actually do enough for people o Was not just going to sit back o Cannot just sit back while people starve o Give people more of a sense of power (including at work) Rise of the C.I.O. (Part Two) Union Role in the N.D. Collective Bargaining  If unions got established and through collective bargaining got a raise in wages, this would put more money in the average person’s pocket  Union collective bargaining was positive  A way to force businesses to give average consumers more money  Unions are good in this way  Boosting spending power of average people would be a benefit Industrial Democracy  People wanted a say in their lives  Growing sense of powerlessness and had no say to influence events  Meaningful democracy had to mean having a say in things  Industrial democracy means got a say on the job  Had an organization that speaks for you in the workplace  That sticks up for you when going against the employer on a day-to-day basis  To vote for things you wanted to happen  Did not want workers to feel like they had no power and turn to more radical actions Wagner Act  Passed in 1935  American law establishing a new industrial relations system  Allow for collective bargaining  Vote for bargaining demands, strike votes, voting on major events, voting on whether you organized, voting on who represented you Hayley Dawson March 26 , 2013  All of those things designed to make you feel like you have an organization representing you  Do not feel completely powerless in your job/in the economy Fordism?  The thinking of Henry Ford  Ford was the biggest person who saw his workers as consumers  Paid workers $5 a day (more than what everyone else was paying)  Wanted own workers to make enough to be able to buy products  One of first people to see workers as workers and consumers  But Ford hated unions and thought companies should be able to do whatever they wanted  Ford had no interest in industrial democracy  Get paid well but do what he tells you  Somewhat Fordism and somewhat not Socialism?  The New Deal was the opposite of socialism  Wanted to save capitalism  To pull people away from the ide of revolution  Make people feel like the existing system still had a lot to offer  If America was going to have democracy, workplace should have democracy  Middle of 1930s: o Unions in united states claimed that they are the embodiment of American businesses o Unions said they were representing best ideas of Americans o Different kind of patriotism Roadblocks  1933-34: industrial unions start to organize  Steel, rubber, electrical, chemicals, auto  Creation of unions was not simple  Faced two roadblocks Craft Union Resi
More Less

Related notes for LABRST 1A03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.