Class Notes (809,205)
Canada (493,580)
LABRST 1A03 (334)
David Goutor (299)

1- Staple Production Review.docx

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McMaster University
Labour Studies
David Goutor

Pre-Industrial Work Review Time of the first Industrial Revolution  Britain – Started in 1750’s  United states, Northern France, Parts of Germany: Early 1800’s  Canada – 1850’s & 1860 Draw of the new world  Gold: Financial establishment  God: Missionaries for natives  Glory: War between the French, English, and Aboriginals Staples (Resources)  Classic Definition  Business of extracting and acquiring resource commodities in order to sell to an external market (Innis)  Oil Sands for Canada  Dominated early economies as did military might  Keys to Canadian Staple  All seasonal  Small settlement  Small labour force  Staple Crop: Sugar Fish Major staple for Canada  Maritime provinces known for population of fish  Grand Banks  Quite thick full of fish – John Cabot early 1400’s  Ships coming in would move past these at the time Methods of Production On Ships  Rough conditions on the ships  Weather especially  Hierarchy  Had no problem in getting people to work  Boss is captain of the ship  Navy time rules Residential Fishery  Starts with place holding  Get up early and get the best spot  Develops in Newfoundland Fishery  Took residence and fished individually  Left families in Europe  Would not arrive until husband had settled down  Signs of settling when family arrived  Town development would indicate best fishing spots  Out ports: Harbours in towns  First real settlements in Canada (Portugal Cove)  Disconnected from other regions Life in Residential Fishery  Structural disadvantages  Fish prices: Only merchants would know, not fishers  Debt: Expensive to get started (Flaking, housing, boats, equipment)  Isolation  Not a lot of connection to world:  Distinct culture  Culture differs: live there for generations, accents differ, surviving winter Fur Trade  Unique trade  Mutual dependencies between people  Aboriginals: Trapping beavers: Hunting skills  Lack of info on biodiversity  Whites: Trade Goods  Metal products, pots, and weapons (Fighting wars)  Dominated by Hudson’s Bay Route  Setup ports along Hudson’s Bay  Waited for aboriginals to come to trade near ports  A cultural exchange would occur  Aboriginals did not trade with unknown merchants Montreal Based Trade  Went to aboriginals  Montreal Network  Traded via ports/forts into the bay  Voyageur Experience  Transport goods to make trade happen  Transport goods up the river  Returned down with furs and resources  Treacherous conditions  Canoeing from Niagara Falls, Montreal to Thunder Bay from the Great Lakes  Injury and Fear  Getting lost included in fear  Injury in cortege or canoeing  Freedom, and Liminality  The freedom of the environment: Very independent  Liminality: Created their own culture  Didn’t belong to Canadian or Aboriginal society as they voyaged all year (Disconnected)  Predominately male trait culture  Metis: Canadian and Aboriginal interracial marriage The Timber Industry  Number 1 staple in 19 Century  Enormous demand for wood to build ships in Europe  Popular in Nova Scotia and maritime provinces  Very profitable  Cut from one end of
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