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LABRST 1A03 (339)
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Lecture

Labour Studies Notes Lecture 2.docx

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Department
Labour Studies
Course
LABRST 1A03
Professor
David Goutor
Semester
Winter

Description
Labour studies Lecture 3 Craft Workers Roles in the shop ­Clear hierarchy ­Mastercraftsman  ▯higher up, skilled ­Journeyman y ▯ ounger, less skilled (still skilled), on the move ­Apprentices ▯ oung, even as young as 12, sometimes the son of the  mastercraftsmen Mastercraftsman=Role model ­Teaches trade ­Teaches values  ▯teaching people to behave ­Connection with apprentices ­SO responsibility and authority Apprentices were not only there to learn, but to learn about life and grow up. Mastercraftsman were responsible for making sure apprentices were taught well and  were brought up well. Responsible to not only be responsible as a boss, but also as a man.   Mastercraftsmen were generally seen as a father figure. Respectability ­Independent and respectable status ­Pillar of the community ­Public role ­Church ­Community Early Unions ­Major celebratory role ­Workers’ control ­Value of know­how ­Control of trade ­Fair prices▯ ot the maximum price the market can handle (not respectable)  A price that most people could afford, and could live well ­Union Rates Price Lists Unions would just get together and create the price. People generally wouldn’t  bargain against the price. First Industrial Revolution Timing of the first industrial revolution  ▯Is a revolution on how things are made, on how the economy works… It  revolutionizes how people work, and how people live.  Britain – starts 1750s US, Northern France, parts of Germany – early 1800s Canada – 1850’s & 1860’s Canada’s political and economic background ­Confederation – 1876 ­Ontario, Quebec and Maritimes ­Main goal: Confederation will spur development ­Regarding Territory = settle the west ­Regarding Economics = industry and commerce Federal Politics: Era of conservative  ▯Sir John A. Macdonald was first Prime  minister Provincial politics: Sir Oliver Mowat was a liberal Results of plans for growth? Disappointment ­Settlement=slow ­Climate & cultivation problems ­Riel rebellion ­Economy World Economy ­Depressions, especially 1873­1879, 1891­1895 ­The “Long Depression” =1873­1896 Drivers of Revolution ­Generally four factors drive innovation: ­Communication ­Transportation ­Technology ­Technique ­1  Industrial Revolution primarily about Transportation and Technique are biggest  in Canada. Communication ­Telegraph and long distance cable ­Spreads industrial and economic growth ­Breaks bond of Human Movement and Information Movement ­Key in communicating basic information ­News ­Business: Prices, demand, supply, etc. ▯ he Trans­Atlantic Cable (1858) cuts the time that it takes for information to travel  from Europe to North American from  10 days to 3 minutes . It communicated basic  information like weather, what’s the supply of rain going to be like, how’s the  businesses going, etc.. Transportation ­Canals ­Railways ­Impacts: ­Reduce isolation of communities/markets ­Open producers up to competition Technology • Power sources o Steam boilers • New machines and industries o Railways again Technique • Reorganizing work o New Methods o New structure to work o SO totally new work experience How this all unfolds Economists: Different “paths to industrialization” • FOUR main ones in the first industrialization o Small shop to factory o Mechanization o New Industries o Developments in Staple Industries Small Shop to Factory • Back to mastercraftsman’s shop • Transportation Innovations • Pressures from Imports Change into a factory Steps: • Speed and supplies • Role of merchants… the control of the merchants start to expand and  increases over time.  The merchant will eventually tell the mas
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