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Labour Studies Lecture 1.docx

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McMaster University
Labour Studies
David Goutor

Labour Studies ­ 1A03 ­ January 14'th 2014 • Lecture 1 : Pre Industrial Work - Staple Production • Gold, god, glory - Drawing people into the new world, why people come to the new world, riches, economic opportunity; religious purposes, influence; glory, independence furthering the growth of an empire • Gold: People coming to search for new economic opportunities dependent on whether they can find something and sell it • Staple: Dominant driving force in economies -Harold Innis: 'business of extracting/acquiring resource commodities to sell them to an external market' • Resource industries; getting the material and selling it! With staple industries the demand for the resource is somewhere else; Britain, europe etc. • Staples -- Periphery Main development -- Center • First staple Canada is known for -- FISH Grand Banks ** became famous as a source of food for Europe • Migratory fishery • : 1500,1600's -people came from all over the world and fished off the coast of Newfoundland • Early 18'th & 19'th century, technology has improved in fishing Difficult work, very demanding, discipline was very important (demand for fishing jobs was very high) • Residential Fishery • People want to get at the best spots for fishing first; place holding to get the best spots More fishing done by locals Out port fisheries; entirely dependent on location (near the best fishing areas) extremely isolated, far away from land, primarily used just for fishing • Flaking: strip off the meat from the fish, salted and dried -Done in high quantities, more of the processing of the fish • Life in residential fisheries: - most of the work is done on the water -settlements are isolated, have no reason to go anywhere, life entirely on water -most work is done by families (men do the fishing work, women take care of the settlements) -Life was difficult, very dependent on the price of fish, debt: high initial investment needed to start, usually selling to people you owe money to (always in debt) -Always working off debts as opposed to making anything -Isolation: focused on a specific area and never went anywhere; saw advantages in this Not a lot of diversity (food:fish, culture:no diversity;) -Culture developed was very distinct (developed through many years in an isolated community) Canada's second staple industry Fur Trade • Very distinct, commerce and interchange between people; people working co-operatively interaction between Europeans and aboriginals • Aboriginals: knew how to trap the animals and how to process the fur • Whites: knew how to distribute the furs and produce commercial goods using the fur Both sides dependent on each other, deve
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