Lecture 13 Immigrant Labour- Organized Labour’s Responses Part 1 October 23,
Mainstream Labour Movement
- Job market concerns- always pessimistic about the job, trying to protect jobs and very
weary about changes in the economy. They saw as immigration as a threat and making
- Anti-Chinese and Anti-Japanese
- Ralph Smith was part of liberal party. Made a job of bashing the Chinese.
- Exclusion and Racism
• Some exceptions
• Started to speak out against anti-black migration
• Wanted to improve rights and conditions for blacks
• Inconsistent, bash certain races, and then want to help others
• Knights very vocal about trying to get black people real freedom
• Racial politics are never rational or straight-forward
Socialist Party of Canada (very radical party, insisted that all workers are seen as workers no
matter where they come from)
- Immigrant traditions:
• Fins and Ukrainians are the biggest.
- British Columbia
• SPC strongest here. They elect local MP’s. Being open to immigrants, still hostile to
Industrial Workers of the World
- Aka I.W.W and Wobbies
- Start in Chicago, very strong in western parts of the States. They then come to Canada.
British Columbia and Alberta are the main places.
- “we shall be all”: inspirational organization, main motto.
- Open to everyone, every race, every gender. - It did not break down the membership at all